Census town

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A census town is a type of town that satisfies certain characteristics, depending on the country in which it is located.


In India, a census town is one which is not statutorily notified and administered as a town, but nevertheless whose population has attained urban characteristics.[1] They are characterized by the following:

  • Population exceeds 5,000
  • At least 75% of male working population is employed outside the agricultural sector
  • Minimum population density of 400 persons per km2[2][3]

Examples of Indian census towns include Greater Noida, in Uttar Pradesh; Begampur, in West Bengal; Amini, in Lakshadweep, Ghatshila in Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand; and BGR Township (Bongaigaon Refinery Township) in Bongaigaon Urban Agglomeration.


According to Ireland's Central Statistics Office, a census town by definition has a "cluster of fifty or more occupied dwellings, not having a legally defined boundary, in which within a distance of 800 metres there is a nucleus of either thirty occupied houses on both sides of the road or twenty occupied houses on one side of the Road".


  1. Ramachhandran, M. (13 February 2012). "Rescuing cities from chaos". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 8 March 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Census of India: Some terms and definitions" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 8 March 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "New Census Towns Showcase New India", Mint.

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