Chapacuran languages

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Linguistic classification: Wamo–Chapakúra
  • Chapacuran
  • Madeira
  • Guapore
Glottolog: chap1271[1]

The Chapacuran languages are a nearly extinct Native American language family of South America. There are three living Chapacuran languages, which are spoken in the southeastern Amazon Basin of Brazil and Bolivia.

The Chapacuran languages appear to be related to the extinct Wamo language.


Birchall et al. (2013) classify the dozen known Chapacuran languages as follows:[2]

  • Chapacuran
    • Kitemoka–Tapakura: Chapacura, Kitemoka (Quitemo)
    • Moreic–Waric
      • Moreic–Tor
        • Nuclear More: Itene (moribund), Kuyubi (Kujubim; = Cumana?)
        • Torá, Brazil; probably extinct
      • Waric
        • Urupa–Yaru: Urupa, Yaru, both extinct
        • Wanham–Wari–Oro Win
          • Wanyam (Wanham, Uanham)
          • Wari–Oro Win: Oro Win, Brazil; nearly extinct, Wari’ (Pakaásnovos), Brazil
    • ?Napeca (Nape)
    • ?Rocorona (Ocorono)

All languages are extremely close.

Extinct languages for which Loukotka says 'nothing' is known, but which may have been Chapacuran, include Cujuna, Mataua, Urunumaca, and Herisobocono. Similarities with Mure appear to be loans.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chapacuran". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Birchall, Joshua and Dunn, Michael and Greenhill, Simon (2013) An internal classification of the Chapacuran language family.