Chukchi Peninsula

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Location of the Chukchi Peninsula in Far East Siberia.
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Map showing the proximity of the Chukchi peninsula in Russia to the Seward Peninsula in America
Chukchi Peninsula. US military map 1947

The Chukchi Peninsula, Chukotka Peninsula, or Chukotski Peninsula (Russian: Чуко́тский полуо́стров, Russian: Чуко́тка), at about 66° N 172° W, is the eastmost peninsula of Asia. Its eastern end is at Cape Dezhnev near the village of Uelen. It is bordered by the Chukchi Sea to the north, the Bering Sea to the south, and the Bering Strait to the east. The peninsula is part of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug of Russia.[1] The peninsula is traditionally the home of indigenous peoples of Siberia as well as some Russian settlers.

The peninsula lies along the Northern Sea Route, or Northeast passage. It was said to be the location of the prison camp/lead mine where Cornelius Rost claimed to have been imprisoned, as described in the book "As Far as My Feet Will Carry Me," by Josef Martin Bauer. However, the existence of such a camp at that time has been refuted.[2]

Industries on the peninsula are mining (tin, lead, zinc, gold, and coal), hunting and trapping, reindeer raising, and fishing. See also Providence Bay, Siberia.

Indigenous peoples of Siberia

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Indigenous peoples of Siberia include the Chukchi Eskimos, Siberian Yupik Eskimos, Sirenik Eskimos, Koryaks, Chuvans, Evens/Lamuts, and Yukagirs, whose traditional food was raw fish and reindeer meat. As reindeer populations diminish with industrialization, their healthy diet has been replaced by processed foods that lack essential vitamins and minerals.[3]


  1. "Chukchi Peninsula". Accessed September 2010.
  2. Falsche Nachkriegserinnerungen - Der Schnee von gestern (German) Sueddeutsche Zeitung, published: 23 March 2010, accessed: 21 December 2011
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Further reading

  • Aĭnana, L., and Richard L. Bland. Umiak the traditional skin boat of the coast dwellers of the Chukchi Peninsula : compiled in the communities of Provideniya and Sireniki, Chukotka Autonomous Region, Russia 1997-2000. Anchorage: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, 2003.
  • Dinesman, Lev Georgievich. Secular dynamics of coastal zone ecosystems of the northeastern Chukchi Peninsula Chukotka : cultural layers and natural depositions from the last millennia. Tübingen [Germany]: Mo Vince, 1999. ISBN 3-934400-03-5
  • Dikov, Nikolaĭ Nikolaevich. Asia at the Juncture with America in Antiquity The Stone Age of the Chukchi Peninsula. St. Petersburg: "Nauka", 1993.
  • Frazier, Ian, Travels in Siberia, Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2010. Travelogue in Siberia.
  • Portenko, L. A., and Douglas Siegel-Causey. Birds of the Chukchi Peninsula and Wrangel Island = Ptitsy Chukotskogo Poluostrova I Ostrova Vrangelya. New Delhi: Published for the Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C., by Amerind, 1981.

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