Coahuilteco language

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Native to Mexico, United States
Region Coahuila, Texas
Ethnicity Quems, Pajalat, etc.
Extinct not attested after 18th century
Hokan ?
  • Coahuilteco
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xcw
Linguist list
Glottolog coah1252[1]
Coahuilteco lang.png
Coauhuilteco language
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Coahuilteco was a language isolate that was spoken in southern Texas (United States) and northeastern Coahuila (Mexico). It is now extinct.


[citation needed]


  Bilabial Inter-
Alveolar Post-
Palatal Velar Glottal
plain labial
Nasal m   n          
Plosive plain p   t     k  
ejective       kʷʼ (ʔ)
Affricate plain     ts        
ejective     tsʼ tʃʼ        
Fricative   (θ) s ʃ   x h
Approximant plain     l   j   w  


  Front Central Back
Close i / iː   u / uː
Mid e / eː   o / oː
Open   a / aː  

Coahuilteco has both short and long vowels.

See also


  1. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Coahuilteco". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


  • Goddard, Ives (Ed.). (1996). Languages. Handbook of North American Indians (W. C. Sturtevant, General Ed.) (Vol. 17). Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution. ISBN 0-16-048774-9.
  • Mithun, Marianne. (1999). The languages of Native North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk); ISBN 0-521-29875-X.
  • Sturtevant, William C. (Ed.). (1978–present). Handbook of North American Indians (Vol. 1-20). Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution. (Vols. 1-3, 16, 18-20 not yet published).
  • Troike, Rudolph. (1996). Coahuilteco (Pajalate). In I. Goddard (Ed.), Languages (pp. 644–665). Handbook of North American Indians. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution.

External links

hr:Coahuiltec Indijanci