College of Navarre
The College of Navarre (French: Collège de Navarre) was one of the colleges of the historic University of Paris, rivaling the Sorbonne and renowned for its library. It was founded by Queen Joan I of Navarre in 1305, who provided for three departments, the arts with 20 students, philosophy with 30 and theology with 20 students.
The queen bequeathed part of her fine hôtel de Navarre in rue Saint André des Arts, together with lands generated rents of 2000 livres p.a. in her counties of Champagne and Brie. Her trustees decided to sell the Paris property and acquire an ample plot on the Montagne Sainte-Geneviève (rue de la Montagne-Sainte-Geneviève / rue Descartes), right in the Latin Quarter, and build the college anew. The first stone, laid 12 April 1309, was for the college chapel.
Provision was made also for the scholars' support, 4 Paris sous weekly for the artists, 6 for the logicians and 8 for the theologians. These allowances were to continue until the graduates held benefices of the value respectively of 30, 40 and 60 livres. The regulations allowed the theological students a fire, daily, from November to March after dinner and supper for one half-hour. The luxury of benches was forbidden by a commission appointed by Urban V in 1366. On the festival days, the theologians were expected to deliver a collation to their fellow-students of the three classes. The rector at the head of the college, originally appointed by the faculty of the university, was now appointed by the king's confessor. The students wore a special dress and the tonsure and ate in common.
Classes bore little resemblance to today's universities. Subjects were included that are not taught today, such as rhetoric in its classical meaning. The students were required to speak and write only in Latin and all subjects had to be learned by rote. Only after graduation were students allowed to write using their own words or discuss the subjects. At least one of the rectors, Claude D'Espence became rector before he obtained his doctorate.
Famous students or teachers
- Louis II d'Amboise
- François d'Amboise
- Adrien d'Amboise
- Jacques d'Amboise
- Chaumont d'Amboise
- François Villon
- Pierre d'Ailly
- Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
- Francis Xavier
- Thomas Dempster
- Oronce Finé
- William Fowler
- Jean Gerson
- Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance
- Jean-Antoine Nollet, appointed by the king to a professorship of experimental physics (the first in France) at the college in 1753.
- Nicole Oresme
- Pierre de Ronsard
- Octavien de Saint-Gelais
- Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de Richelieu
- Marquis de Condorcet
- George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d'Aubigny
- The modern history is by Nathalie Gorochov, Le Collège de Navarre de sa fondation (1305) au début du XVe siècle (1418): Histoire de l'institution, de sa vie intellectuelle et de son recrutement.
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- This content originally came from History of the Christian Church
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