Corpus Christi College, Oxford
|Colleges and halls of the University of Oxford|
|Corpus Christi College|
|College name||The President and Scholars of the College of Corpus Christi in the University of Oxford|
|Named after||Corpus Christi, Body of Christ|
|Sister college||Corpus Christi College, Cambridge|
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|College Boat Club|
Corpus Christi College (full name:The President and Scholars of the College of Corpus Christi in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1517, it is the 12th oldest college in Oxford, with an estimated financial endowment of £88m as of 2012.
The college, situated on Merton Street between Merton College and Oriel College, is one of the smallest in Oxford by student population, having around 230 undergraduates and 120 graduates. It is academic by Oxford standards, averaging in the top half of the university's informal ranking system, the Norrington Table, in recent years, and coming second in 2009–10.
The college has had for a long time a reputation as specializing and excelling in Classics, due to the emphasis placed upon this subject since its founding; to this day it takes more students to study Classics (and its joint schools) each year than any other single subject.
The college's historical significance includes its role in the translation of the King James Bible. The college is also noted for the pillar sundial in the main quadrangle, known as the Pelican Sundial, which was erected in 1581 by Charles Turnbull. Corpus achieved notability in more recent years when teams representing them won University Challenge on 9 May 2005 and once again on 23 February 2009, although the latter win was later disqualified.
The college dates its founding to 1517, when its founder, Richard Foxe, the Bishop of Winchester, established the college statutes.:18 Letters patent had been granted by Henry VIII in the previous year,:32 and building work had started as early as 1512.:37 Foxe had initially stated that he intended the college as a lodge for monks from St Swythun's Priory in Winchester; however, under the influence of the Bishop of Exeter (and friend of Foxe) Hugh Oldham it became a humanist enterprise, dedicated to the study of the classics. The library, founded at the same time as the college, was 'probably, when completed, the largest and best furnished library then in Europe'.:Appendix A The scholar Erasmus noted in a letter of 1519 to the first President, John Claymond, that it was a library 'inter praecipua decora Britanniae' ('among the chief beauties of Britain'), and praised the fact that it was a 'biblioteca trilinguis' (trilingual library) containing, as it did, books in Latin, Greek and Hebrew.:34–35 The important Spanish humanist Juan Luis Vives taught at Corpus during the 1520s while tutor to Mary Tudor, later Mary I of England.
In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the college was again involved in religious ferment. Reginald Pole, a fellow of the college in the 1520s, was Archbishop of Canterbury during the reign of Queen Mary, and a candidate for the papacy. John Rainolds, another fellow, and Corpus's seventh President, was involved in the inception and translation of the King James Bible, published in 1611.
John Keble, a leader of the Oxford Movement, was an undergraduate at Corpus at the start of the nineteenth century, and went on to a fellowship at Oriel and to have a college named after him (Keble College, Oxford).
Coat of arms
In heraldic terminology: Tierced per pale: (1) Azure, a pelican with wings endorsed vulning herself, or; (2) argent, thereon an escutcheon charged with the arms of the See of Winchester (i.e. gules, two keys addorsed in bend, the uppermost or, the other argent, a sword interposed between them in bend sinister of the third, pommel and hilt gold; the escutcheon ensigned with a mitre of the last); (3) sable, a chevron or between three owls argent, on a chief of the second as many roses gules, seeded of the second, barbed vert.
The pelican is a reference to the college's name: 'corpus christi' means 'the body of Christ', and the pelican was said to have offered its own blood to its children, just as Christ offers his body to his followers in the Eucharist. Because of the complexity of the arms they are not suitable for use on items such as the college crested tie, where the pelican is used instead. The pelican also appears alone on the college flag and on top of the Pelican Sundial.
The college has several 'totem animals' besides the pelican: the fox, which recalls the founder's surname, and bees, which are a reference to the founder's stated desire to create an institution that would be a 'hive of [scholarly] activity'. The college maintains a hive of bees, and the glass front wall of the MBI Al Jaber auditorium is decorated with images of bees.
The college traditionally keeps at least one tortoise as a living mascot, cared for by an elected 'Tortoise Keeper'. The 'Tortoise Fair', at which the Corpus tortoise(s) are raced against tortoises belonging to other colleges and local residents, is an annual event held to raise funds for charity.
Notable former students and fellows
Former students of the college include the philosopher Isaiah Berlin, the writer Vikram Seth, the financial commentator Martin Wolf, former Leader of the Labour Party Ed Miliband and former UK Foreign Secretary David Miliband.
- Michael Brock CBE – historian, Dean
- Sunanda K. Datta-Ray – Indian newspaperman and journalist, supernumerary fellow
- Henry Furneaux – classical scholar specialising in Roman historian Tacitus
- Andrew Glyn – Fellow and Tutor in Economics
- Sir Brian Harrison – editor, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, historian
- Thomas Hornsby – astronomer and mathematician, Fellow 1760
- Jim Mauldon – Fellow, Tutor in Mathematics, Dean
- Edward Pococke – orientalist and biblical scholar, Fellow (1682)
- J. O. Urmson – philosopher and classicist, Fellow
Presidents of Corpus Christi
- 1517–1537: John Claymond – academic
- 1537–? : Robert Morwent
- 1558–? : William Chedsey – Roman Catholic and academic, archdeacon of Middlesex in 1556
- 1568–1598: William Cole – clergyman and Dean of Lincoln (1598–1600)
- 1598–1607: John Rainolds – academic and churchman
- 1607–1614: John Spenser – academic
- 1614–? : Thomas Anyan
- ?–1631 : John Holt
- 1631–1640: Thomas Jackson – theologian
- 1640–1648: Robert Newlyn – clergyman and academic
- 1648–1660: Edmund Staunton – clergyman
- 1660–1688: Robert Newlyn
- 1688–1714: Thomas Turner – churchman and academic, Archdeacon of Essex
- 1714–1715: Basil Kennett
- 1715–1748: John Mather – academic administrator
- 1748–1783: Thomas Randolph – theologian
- 1783–1823: John Cooke – academic administrator
- 1823–1843: Thomas Edward Bridges
- 1843–1872: James Norris
- 1872–1881: John Matthias Wilson
- 1881–1904: Thomas Fowler – academic administrator
- 1904–1924: Thomas Case
- 1924–1933: Percy Stafford Allen
- 1933–1950: Sir Richard Winn Livingstone – classical scholar, educationist, and academic administrator
- 1950–1969: William Francis Ross Hardie
- 1969–1975: George Derek Gordon Hall
- 1976–1986: Sir Kenneth Dover – Classical scholar and academic
- 1986–2000: Sir Keith Thomas – historian
- 2001–2010: Sir Tim Lankester
- 2010–present: Richard Carwardine – scholar of American history
- "Undergraduate numbers by college 2011–12". University of Oxford.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "College finances 2012".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Undergraduate Degree Classifications 2009/10
- Corpus Wins University Challenge – Oxford News
- "University Challenge team disqualified". BBC. 2 March 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- College Histories: Corpus Christi, Thomas Fowler
- Oxford University Calendar 2001–2002 (2001) p.231. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-951872-6.
- Miller, Emily (25 May 2013). "Oxford in suspense for Corpus tortoise fair". Cherwell. Retrieved 26 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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