Courtland Historic District

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Courtland Historic District
Courtland Historic District is located in Alabama
Courtland Historic District
Location Roughly bounded by Clinton, Madison, Van Buren, Jefferson, Ussery, Tennessee, Monroe and Academy Sts., Courtland, Alabama
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Area 100 acres (40 ha)
Architectural style Colonial Revival, Bungalow/Craftsman, Modern Movement
NRHP Reference # 91000597[1] (original)
98000710 (increase)
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 13, 1991
Designated ARLH December 15, 1989[2]

The Courtland Historic District is a historic district in Courtland, Alabama. Courtland was founded in 1818 and incorporated the following year. Its location was chosen to be close to the Tennessee River to facilitate transportation, but also close to cotton plantations to the south. The town's founders envisioned becoming the county seat of the newly formed Lawrence County, but the title instead went to Moulton. Many of the earliest structures in Courtland were built of logs, and were later replaced with frame and brick buildings. Development plateaued by 1830, but received a slight bump from the Tuscumbia, Courtland and Decatur Railroad beginning in 1834. The oldest houses in the district date from this era, including the 1828 Federal-style John McMahon House and several I-houses. The town saw a resurgence after the Civil War, with early construction including the Presbyterian church. Most of the commercial area around the public square was rebuilt in brick in the 1880s through the 1900s, while many older houses were replaced with Victorian examples around the same time. The Southern Railway built a depot in 1887 to replace the previous depot; it was converted to a library around 1980. In the 1920s, larger, older lots began to be subdivided and more modest bungalows were constructed.[3] The district was listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in 1989 and the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.[2] The boundaries of the district were increased in 1998 to include buildings representing Courtland's working-class and post-World War II growth.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Template:ARLHref
  3. Ford, Gene A.; Trina Binkley (January 26, 1998). "Courtland Historic District (Boundary Increase)". National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. National Park Service. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 4, 2014. Retrieved October 4, 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> See also: "Accompanying photos". Archived from the original (PDF) on October 4, 2014. Retrieved October 4, 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>