Crimean Oblast

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Crimean Oblast
Кримська область
Крымская область
Oblast of the Russian SFSR (1945-1954) and Ukrainian SSR (1954-1991)


Location of Crimea
Crimean Oblast (red) and Ukrainian SSR (beige).
Capital Simferopol
Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
 •  Crimean ASSR dissolved June 30, 1945 1945
 •  Transferred to Ukrainian SSR February 19, 1954
 •  Autonomy restored February 12, 1991 1991
Area 27,000 km2 (10,425 sq mi)
Today part of
Part of a series on
Crimean Tatars
"Tamga" symbol of the Crimean Tatar Gerae family
By region or country
Languages and dialects
People and groups

The Crimean Oblast (Ukrainian: Кримська область Kryms’ka oblast’ ; Russian: Крымская область Krymskaya oblast’ ; Crimean Tatar: Qırım vilâyeti) was an oblast (province) of the former Russian SFSR (1945–1954) and Ukrainian SSR (1954–1991) within the Soviet Union. Its capital was the city of Simferopol.

The Crimean Oblast replaced the Crimean ASSR on June 30, 1945.

The oblast was transferred from the Russian SFSR to the Ukrainian SSR on February 19, 1954.

Sevastopol was a closed city due to its importance as the port of the Soviet Black Sea Fleet and was attached to the Crimean Oblast only in 1978.

Following a referendum held on January 20, 1991, the Crimean Oblast was given back its pre-WWII status of Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on February 12, 1991, by the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR.[1]

In 1992, the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was transformed into the Autonomous Republic of Crimea within Ukraine, with the exception of the city of Sevastopol whose status, once again due to its strategic importance as the port of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, remained disputed between Ukraine and Russia until 1997, when it was agreed that it should be treated as a "city with special status" within Ukraine.

See also


  1. "Day in history - 20 January". RIA Novosti (in Russian). January 8, 2006. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 6, 2007.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>