Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

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Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Дагестанская АССР (Russian)
Дагъистаналъул АССР (Avaric)
Дагъыстан АССР (Kumyk)
Дагъустандин АССР (Lezgian)
Дагъусттаннал АССР (Lak)
Autonomous republic of the Russian SFSR

Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Mahachkala
Government Soviet republic
 •  Established 1921
 •  Disestablished 1991

The Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Russian: Дагестанская АССР; Avar: Дагъистаналъул АССР; Kumyk: Дагъыстан АССР; Lezgian: Дагъустандин АССР; Lak: Дагъусттаннал АССР; 1921–1991) was an autonomous Soviet socialist republic (ASSR) in the Russian SFSR of the former Soviet Union. This "Land of Mountains" was known also for having a "mountain of peoples," with more than thirty ethnic groups indigenous to the territory. Although as part of its strategy to promote local languages and to discourage pan-Turkic and pan-Islamic movements a half-dozen of these ethnicities were provided with schooling in their native language at some point in Soviet history, Russian language became the most widespread second language and gradually the lingua franca, especially in urban areas.[1]

A minor planet 2297 Daghestan discovered in 1978[1] by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh is named after the Dagestan ASSR.[2]

See also


Map of the Dagestan ASSR in 1953