Dikson (urban-type settlement)

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Dikson (English)
Диксон (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement  -
Map of Russia - Krasnoyarsk Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia
Dikson is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Dikson
Dikson
Location of Dikson in Krasnoyarsk Krai
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Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnoyarsk Krai
Administrative district Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 676 inhabitants[1]
Time zone KRAT (UTC+07:00)[2]
Founded 1915[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 647340
Dialing code(s) +7 39152[citation needed]
[[:commons:Category:{{#property:Commons category}}|Dikson]] on Wikimedia Commons

Dikson (Russian: Диксон) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is a port on the Kara Sea, located on a headland at the mouth of the Yenisei Gulf (the Yenisei River estuary), on Russia's Arctic Ocean coast. Population: 676 (2010 Census);[1] 1,198 (2002 Census);[4] 4,489 (1989 Census).[5]

Location

File:Soviet Union-1965-Stamp-0.06. 50 Years of Dikson.jpg
1965 Soviet Union stamp commemorating the 50 year anniversary of the Arctic settlement of Dikson

Dikson is the northernmost port in Russia, one of the northernmost settlements in the world, and the northernmost settlement on the Asian continent. It is located so far north that one may experience complete darkness with no civil twilight from the 8th of December to the 5th of January. In most major settlements north of the Arctic Circle, there is still substantial twilight during the polar night at midday. It is also one of the most isolated settlements in the world.

Dikson's inhabitants informally call their settlement a "Capital of the Arctic", a name taken from a popular Soviet song.

The urban-type settlement of Dikson, as well as Dikson Island, were named after Swedish Arctic pioneer Baron Oscar Dickson. Dickson, along with Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Sibiryakov, was the patron of a number of early Arctic expeditions, including Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld's Russian Arctic explorations.

Population

Demographic Evolution
1989[5] 2002[4] 2005 2007 2008 2010[1]
4,449 1,198 883 742 690 676

Climate

Dikson has an arctic climate (Köppen ET).

Climate data for Dikson
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.8
(35.2)
10.4
(50.7)
22.4
(72.3)
26.8
(80.2)
26.9
(80.4)
17.0
(62.6)
8.1
(46.6)
1.9
(35.4)
0.3
(32.5)
26.9
(80.4)
Average high °C (°F) −22.5
(−8.5)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−13.4
(7.9)
−5.5
(22.1)
1.9
(35.4)
7.2
(45)
7.2
(45)
2.9
(37.2)
−6.3
(20.7)
−15.2
(4.6)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −23.9
(−11)
−25
(−13)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−17.2
(1)
−8.3
(17.1)
0.1
(32.2)
3.9
(39)
5
(41)
1.7
(35.1)
−8.4
(16.9)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−11.1
(12)
Average low °C (°F) −29.4
(−20.9)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−10.6
(12.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.1
(35.8)
3.0
(37.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
−11.1
(12)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
Record low °C (°F) −46.2
(−51.2)
−48.1
(−54.6)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−28.8
(−19.8)
−17.3
(0.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−3.6
(25.5)
−12.0
(10.4)
−31.3
(−24.3)
−42.8
(−45)
−46.6
(−51.9)
−48.1
(−54.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35
(1.38)
27
(1.06)
22
(0.87)
18
(0.71)
20
(0.79)
29
(1.14)
35
(1.38)
44
(1.73)
41
(1.61)
33
(1.3)
22
(0.87)
32
(1.26)
358
(14.09)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0.0 22.6 127.1 237.0 189.1 141.0 223.2 139.5 60.0 24.8 0.0 0.0 1,164.3
Source #1: Погода и Климат[6]
Source #2: HKO[7]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1". Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Погода и Климат – Климат Оймякона (in Russian). Retrieved October 3, 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Climatological Information for Dikson, Russia". Retrieved August 31, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>