Don Front

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The Don Front was a front (military formation) of the Soviet Union's Red Army during the Second World War. The name refers to Don River, Russia.


The front was created by order of the STAVKA of the Supreme High Command on Sept. 28, 1942 in order to form a more cohesive command structure to the much-reinforced Soviet forces fighting in and around Stalingrad. On that date the STAVKA ordered:

"1. Organize two independent fronts in the Stalingrad region... the Don Front, including in it 63rd, 21st, 4th Tank, 1st Guards, 24th, and 66th Armies... 3. Appoint Lt. Gen. K.K. Rokossovsky as commander of the forces of the Don Front, freeing him from his duties as commander of the Bryansk Front. 4. Additionally, bring Corps Commissar A.S. Zheltov into the Don Front's Military Council... 7. Appoint Mjr. Gen. K.A. Kovalenko as deputy commander of the Don Front... 8. Appoint Mjr. Gen. M.S. Malinin as the chief of staff of the Don Front... 9. Appoint Col. Boikov as the chief of the Operations Department of the Don Front..."[1]

The initial composition of the Don Front was as follows:

The command cadre of the new front came almost entirely from Rokossovsky's Bryansk Front, leaders that he trusted and would follow him until he was ordered to take command of 2nd Belorussian Front in late 1944.[2]


  1. David M. Glantz, Armageddon in Stalingrad, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, 2009, pp 272-73
  2. Dr. Boris Sokolov, Marshal K.K. Rokossovsky. Helloin & Company, Ltd., Solihull, UK, 2015, pp 188-89