Donetsk Republic (political party)

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Donetsk Republic
Leader Alexander Zakharchenko
Andrei Purgin
Denis Pushilin
Alexander Tsurkan
Oleh Frolov
Founded December 9, 2005 (2005-12-09)
Headquarters Donetsk
Ideology Russian nationalism
Socialism (minority)[1]
Colours Blue and Red
People's Soviet
68 / 100
Official website

The Donetsk Republic (Russian: Донецкая республика, Donétskaya respúblika) is a pro-Russian separatist political party operating in the Donetsk area of Ukraine. The group's goal is the creation of a "federation of sovereign Donetsk", which would include seven regions of eastern and southern Ukraine.[2][3] The group was banned in 2007, but this ban was marginal until the 2014 Donbass War.[4][5] In 2014, it founded the Donetsk People's Republic, which Ukraine's government calls a terrorist organization.[4] The party won the Donbass general elections, 2014 with the 68,53% and 68 seats.[6]


Map of Ukraine with the 2006 proposed Federal Republic of Donetsk in red.

Before the Ukrainian crisis

The organization was established on December 6, 2005 as a city organization by Andrei Purguin, Alexander Tsurkan, and Oleh Frolov and on December 9, 2005 with support of Hennadiy Prytkov as a regional organization. The main goal of the organization was to grant the eastern regions of Ukraine a special status.[5] It claimed to fight the "orange plague" of President Viktor Yushchenko.[5] Their goal was to create a Federal Republic of Donetsk in Southeast Ukraine.[7] According to a map they published in 2006 this Federal Republic of Donetsk would comprise the (Ukrainian Oblasts) Kharkiv Oblast, Luhansk Oblast, Donetsk Oblast, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Zaporizhia Oblast and Kherson Oblast.[7] Its pre-2014 rallies were averagedly attended by about 30-50 people.[5]

From November 17 to November 22 of 2006, its activists were conducting protests in Donetsk and were gathering signatures on creation of the Donetsk Republic.[8] Their activities were not supported by the prime minister, Viktor Yanukovych.[9]

At the beginning of 2007, representatives of the organization conducted number of activities in various cities of eastern Ukraine propagating the idea of separatism and federalization of the country.[10]

The group was banned by Donetsk's administrative regional tribunal in November 2007 on grounds of separatism. Despite this, the party continued to hold rallies.[5]

Ukrainian crisis

In 2014, the organization founded the Donetsk People's Republic, which Ukraine's government calls a terrorist organization.[4]

The group's leader, Andrei Purgin, was arrested by the Security Service of Ukraine during the 2014 pro-Russian unrest.[2][3]

The party won the Donbass general elections, 2014 with the 68,53% and 68 seats.[6] The Communist Party of the Donetsk People's Republic participates in the Donetsk Republic's parliamentary group.[11] In the election campaign prior to these elections only the candidate of Donetsk Republic, Alexander Zakharchenko, used billboards.[12] This resulted to the only visible campaign advertising in Donetsk being in support of Zakharchenko.[13]

In the days and weeks prior till the postponement of the DNR October 2015 local elections (to 21 February 2016[14]) 90% of the (campaign) advertising was done by Donetsk Republic.[15]


  2. 2.0 2.1 SBU detained the leader of Donetsk Republic. Espreso. March 19, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Court banned the organization Donetsk Republic. Ura-Inform. November 12, 2007
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Ukraine's prosecutor general classifies self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk republics as terrorist organizations". Kyiv Post. 16 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 (Russian) Small bio of Andrei Purgin on Politrada
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Донецькі бойовики за ніч порахували голоси: "переміг" Захарченко".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 (Russian) What's "New Russia" and how to be, Ukrayinska Pravda (15 August 2014)
  8. Signature collection for the independent Donetsk Republic. Russia-3.
  9. UNIAN: Yanukovych against the Donetsk Republic. Donetsk Republic. November 23, 2006
  10. Donetsk Republic presented Ukraine as united but divided. Ura-Inform. January 10, 2007
  12. "Donetsk People's Republic campaign reveals shambolic tendencies". Financial Times. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Rebel-Backed Elections to Cement Status Quo in Ukraine". The New York Times. 2 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Pro-Russian rebels in Ukraine postpone disputed elections, Reuters (6 October 2015)
    Ukraine rebels to delay elections, Washington Post (6 October 2015)
  15. (Ukrainian) Donbass postpones elections, (5 October 2015)

External links