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Dravya, in Indian Philosophy is a concept referring to "substance", or that of which something is composed. In the Nyaya system there are nine of these systems: prithivi, ap, tejas, vayu, akasa, kala, dis, manas, and atman. In the Jain system there are six: jiva, dharma, adharma, pudgala, kala, and akasa.[1][2]

Its equivalanet term in Jainism, also gives rise to the title Dravyasamgraha (Compendium of substances), a 10th-century Jain text by Acharya Nemichandra.


  1. Jitendranath Mohanty (2000). Classical Indian Philosophy. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-8476-8933-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Surendra Nath Dasgupta. A history of Indian philosophy. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 81-208-0412-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>