Enid Balint

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Enid Balint
File:Portrait of Enid Balint died 1994.png
Enid Balint
Born Enid Flora Albu
1 December 1903
Died 19 July 1994
Nationality British

Enid Balint or Enid Flora Balint-Edmonds (1 December 1903 – 19 July 1994) was a British psychoanalyst and welfare worker.


Enid Flora Albu was born on 12 December 1903 in London. Her early education was at Hampstead High School and Cheltenham Ladies College. Albu took a degree in Economics at the London School of Economics graduating in 1925. She had two daughters following her marriage to [1] Professor Robert Eichottz on the 25 March 1925.

The Family Welfare Organisation arranged for her to organise the Citizen's Advice Bureau which dispensed free advice to British citizens. She had specialised in public administration whilst at university. With her experience of the dislocations suffered by families during the war she undertook additional study of psychoanalysis in 1948 under John Rickman who died in 1951. She continued her studies with Donald Winnicott who became a strong influence on her. She helped to create the Family Discussion Bureau which trained to advice families. Her own marriage to Eicholtz ended. During this time she started to work with Michael Balint and they married on 2 January 1953. Her new husband was known for his academic study of the doctor-patient relationship. Today it is considered that he and Enid had an equal influence of the scientific understanding of this important relationship.[2]

They worked together lectures and attending conferences and together they wrote several books.[3]

They developed the idea of treating a married couples, who had issues, separately but in parallel with the husband and the wife having different therapists. They called this the case discussion seminar and it led to ???? Her husband suffered from diabetes and glaucoma and she assisted him unbeknown whilst her was walking. He died on New Years Eve in 1971 in Bristol and after she led the Balint organisation. Under her leadership a number of Balint organisations developed in several countries including an International Balint Organisation.[4]

She married again in 1976 but she continued to practise. She died in 1994.[3]


  1. Enid Balint, Women Psychoanalysts in Great Britain, Pschoanalytikerinnen.org, Retrieved 5 December 2015
  2. "Balint in a nutshell" (PDF). International Balint Federation. February 2007. Retrieved 6 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Philip Hopkins, ‘Balint, Michael Maurice (1896–1970)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 6 Dec 2015
  4. Margaret Boyle Spelman (31 October 2013). The Evolution of Winnicott's Thinking: Examining the Growth of Psychoanalytic Thought Over Three Generations. Karnac Books. pp. 67–. ISBN 978-1-78220-078-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>