Erich Zürn

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Erich Zürn
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Born (1906-07-23)23 July 1906
Stuttgart
Died 9 August 1965(1965-08-09) (aged 59)
Großholzleute near Isny
Allegiance
Service/branch
Years of service 1925–45
Rank Kapitänleutnant (Ing.)
Unit
Battles/wars
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Erich Zürn (23 July 1906 – 9 August 1965) was a German U-boat engineer (Ing.) in World War II and one of the first engineers to be awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Military career

Oberleutnant (Ing.) and later Kapitänleutnant (Ing.) Zürn contributed to the success of U-48 under the command of Herbert Schultze, Hans-Rudolf Rösing and Heinrich Bleichrodt. He served as chief engineer (Leitender Ingenieur - LI) on nine patrols on one of the most successful U-boats of World War II. As flotilla engineer in the 29th U-boat Flotilla (1 June 1942 – 31 January 1944) in La Spezia and Toulon and later in the 5th U-boat Flotilla, Zürn introduced a number of improvements which helped the flotilla operate at peak efficiency.

Awards

Promotions

6 January 1927: Oberheizer[5]
1 February 1929: Heizergefreiter[5]
14 September 1929: Maschinengefreiter[5]
1 May 1930: Maschinenmaat[1]
1 October 1932: Maschinist, überzähliger Obermaschinist[1]
1 April 1934: Obermaschinist[1]
1 October 1938: Stabsobermaschinist[1]
20 January 1939: Ingenieursoffiziersanwärter (Engineering Officer Canidate)[1]
24 March 1939: Fähnrich (Ing.) (Engineering Officer Cadet)[1]
15 September 1939: Oberfähnrich (Ing.) (Senior Ensign)[1]
1 November 1939: Leutnant (Ing.) (Second Lieutenant)[1]
1 November 1940: Oberleutnant (Ing.) (First Lieutenant)[2]
1 February 1942: Kapitänleutnant (Ing.) (Captain Lieutenant)[2]

References

Citations

Bibliography

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88740-748-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "Erich Zürn". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 14 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>