Ernst John von Freyend

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Ernst John von Freyend
Born (1909-03-25)25 March 1909
Breslau
Died 24 March 1980(1980-03-24) (aged 70)
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Wehrmacht
Rank Oberst
Unit Oberkommando der Wehrmacht
Battles/wars World War II

Ernst John von Freyend (25 March 1909[1]– 24 March 1980) was a German Oberkommando der Wehrmacht officer who served during World War II as the adjutant to Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel. He is notable for unwittingly helping to place the 20 July plot bomb that was intended to kill Adolf Hitler.

Biography

On 20 July 1944 he held the rank of Major and arrived at the Wolf's Lair headquarters in Rastenburg, East Prussia for a situation conference attended by Hitler. Also there as a subordinate to Field Marshal Keitel was Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg who arrived clutching a briefcase. As Stauffenberg was disabled following the loss of his right hand and two fingers from his left hand, von Freyend offered to carry it for him. Stauffenberg at first refused, but then relented upon approaching the conference room and he asked von Freyend to put him as near as possible to Hitler so that 'I catch everything the Führer says for my briefing afterwards'. Freyend placed the briefcase by the conference map table to the right of General Adolf Heusinger who was standing next to Hitler and Stauffenberg adjusted its position.[2] [3] However, Heinz Brandt, wanting to get a closer look at a map on the table, re-positioned the briefcase farther away from Hitler on the other side of a thick table leg. Seven minutes later the bomb exploded. It was later concluded that its exact positioning next to the table leg was a crucial factor in determining who in the room survived.

Freyend survived the explosion and the remainder of the war. After surrendering with Keitel he was briefly interrogated by the Americans who decided that he was not involved in military decision making and acted mainly as Keitel's valet.

Portrayal in the media

Ernst John von Freyend has been portrayed by the following actors in film productions.

References

  1. Ernst John von Freyend detention report card at yadvashem.org. Retrieved 25 October 2013
  2. Peter Hoffman (1996). The History of the German Resistance, 1933-1945. McGill-Queen’s Press. ISBN 0-77-3515313.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Michael C Thomsett (1997). The German Opposition to Hitler: The Resistance, the Underground, and Assassination Plots, 1938-1945. McFarland. ISBN 0-78-6403721.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>