Ernst Krenkel

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Ernst Teodorovich Krenkel
Krenkel stamp SSSR cropped.jpg
Born (1903-12-24)24 December 1903
Died 8 December 1971(1971-12-08) (aged 67)
Occupation Geographer, explorer
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin
E. Krenkel as Polar radio operator on the cover of Radiofront magazine. 1937

Ernst Teodorovich Krenkel (Russian: Эрнст Теодо́рович Кре́нкель) (24 December [O.S. 11 December] 1903, Bialystok[1] – 8 December 1971, Moscow) was a Soviet Arctic explorer, radio operator, doctor of geographical sciences (1938), and Hero of the Soviet Union (1938). Amateur radio callsigns: U3AA, UA3AA, RAEM.

Early life

Krenkel was born in Białystok,[citation needed] now Poland, to a German family.


Ernst Krenkel was a radioman on polar stations

  • Matochkin Shar (1924–1925, 1927–1928),
  • Tikhaya Bay (1929–1930),
  • Cape Olovyanniy (1935–1936), and
  • Domashniy Island (1936).

He took part in Arctic expeditions on the Graf Zeppelin airship (1931), icebreaker Sibiryakov, steamship SS Chelyuskin (1933–1934, callsign RAEM). He was also a radioman on the first drifting ice station North Pole-1 (1937-1938, callsign UPOL).[2] He is known to have set a world record by establishing a long-distance radio communication between Franz Josef Land and Antarctica.

In 1938, Krenkel went on to work for Glavsevmorput. Later in his life he was employed in the radio industry. In 1951, he was hired by the scientific research institute of hydrometeorological instrument-making, becoming its director in 1969.

Ernst Krenkel was deputy of Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1937—1946), chairman of Radio Sport Federation of the Soviet Union, chairman of Philately Society of the Soviet Union.


He wrote a book of memoirs entitled My Callsign is RAEM (Russian: RAEM - мои позывные).


Ernst died in 1971 and was interred at the Novodevichy Cemetery.


  • Ernst Krenkel was awarded two Orders of Lenin, three other orders and several medals.

Popular culture

See also


  1. Кренкель Э. Т. RAEM — мои позывные.М.: Советская Россия, 1973
  2. "North Pole Drifting Stations (1930s-1980s)". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. 2011-08-17. Retrieved 2012-01-08.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

This article includes content derived from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978, which is partially in the public domain.