Federal districts of Russia

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The federal districts (Russian: федера́льные округа́, federalnyye okruga) are groupings of the federal subjects of Russia. Federal districts are not provisioned by the Constitution of Russia and are not the constituent units of the country, but exist purely for the convenience of operation and governing by federal government agencies. Each district includes several federal subjects and each federal district has a presidential envoy titled a Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District.

The federal districts and positions of Plenipotentiary Representatives were originally created in 2000 by Presidential Decree "to ensure implementation of the President of the Russian Federation of its constitutional powers".[1] Plenipotentiary Representatives are appointed by the President and are employees of the Presidential Administration.

List of federal districts

Map of Russian districts, 2014-03-21.svg
Federal district[2] Establishment
(2010 Russian Census)
plenipotentiary envoys
Central May 18, 2000 652,800 38,438,600 18 Moscow Alexander Beglov Europe
South May 18, 2000 418,500 13,856,700 6 Rostov-on-Don Vladimir Ustinov Europe
North West May 18, 2000 1,677,900 13,583,800 11 Saint Petersburg Vladimir Bulavin Europe
Far East May 18, 2000 6,215,900 6,291,900 9 Khabarovsk Yury Trutnev Asia
Siberia May 18, 2000 5,114,800 19,254,300 12 Novosibirsk Nikolay Rogozhkin Asia
Ural May 18, 2000 1,788,900 12,082,700 6 Yekaterinburg Igor Kholmanskikh Europe and Asia
Volga May 18, 2000 1,038,000 29,900,400 14 Nizhny Novgorod Mikhail Babich Europe
Northern Caucasus January 19, 2010 170,700 9,496,800 7 Pyatigorsk Sergey Melikov Europe
Crimea[lower-alpha 1][3] March 21, 2014 26,100 2,284,400[lower-alpha 2] 2 Simferopol Oleg Belaventsev Europe


  1. Annexed by Russia in 2014; recognized as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community.
  2. Population figures from the Crimean Census in 2014.[4] Crimea was annexed by Russia in 2014, after the 2010 Russian Census.


President Vladimir Putin established seven federal districts in May 2000.[6]

On January 19, 2010 the new North Caucasian Federal District split from the Southern Federal District.[5]

On March 2014, after the Russian military intervention in and annexation of Crimea, the Crimean Federal District was established.[7] The legality of this annexation is disputed by most states as well as NATO.[8]

Presidential plenipotentiary envoys

See also


  1. УКАЗ Президента РФ от 13.05.2000 N 849 "О ПОЛНОМОЧНОМ ПРЕДСТАВИТЕЛЕ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ В ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОМ ОКРУГЕ". Graph.document.kremlin.ru (2000-05-13). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  2. "Russia: Federal Districts and Major Cities". City Population. Retrieved April 24, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Putin signs set of laws on reunification of Crimea, Sevastopol with Russia
  4. http://en.krymedia.ru/society/3365334-Results-of-Census-Population-of-Crimea-is-2284-Million-People
  5. 5.0 5.1 Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  6. "The Russian Federation". BackGround Places. Russia Profile. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 "В России создан Крымский федеральный округ". RBC. March 21, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "NATO Secretary-General: Russia's Annexation of Crimea Is Illegal and Illegitimate". Brookings. March 19, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Путин сменил полпреда Северо-Западного округа: вместо Винниченко назначен Булавин (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. March 11, 2014. Retrieved April 21, 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Ульянова, Жанна; Яна Милюкова (August 31, 2013). Дальнему Востоку подобрали нового управленца (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. Retrieved April 21, 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Putin creates ministry for North Caucasus, makes new appointments". ITAR-TASS. Retrieved May 13, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links