Friedrich Alpers

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Friedrich Alpers
Born 3 January 1901
Sonnenberg, Germany
Died 3 September 1944(1944-09-03) (aged 43)
Mons, Belgium
Buried at Lommel, Belgium
(Block 61-grave 81)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Schutzstaffel
Rank Major der Reserve
40px Obergruppenführer
Service number NSDAP #132,812
SS #6,427
Commands held Fernaufklärungs-Gruppe 4
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Friedrich Ludwig Herbert Alpers (25 March 1901 – 3 September 1944) was a German Nazi politician, and SS leader.[1] He was also a Minister of the Free State of Brunswick,[2] and Minister for Forestry.[3][4] Friedrich was responsible for numerous political crimes in Brunswick. Alpers committed suicide in 1944, while in US captivity.[5]

Block 61-grave 81

Early life

Friedrich Alpers (also known as "Fritz") was born on 25 March 1901 in Sonnenberg, Duchy of Brunswick. He was educated at Martino Katharineum High School in Brunswick, graduating in May 1919. He then studied law and political science at the Universities of Heidelberg, Munich and Greifswald. In 1923, he worked as a law clerk, and became a lawyer in 1929. He worked as a lawyer in Brunswick until 1933.

NSDAP and SS member

In June 1929, Alpers joined the NSDAP (membership number 132,812). In May 1930 he joined the SA. On 1 March 1931 he joined the SS (membership number 6,427). Friedrich was an active member in the SS, rising to the rank of Obergruppenführer. Since October 1930, he was Minister of the Brunswick State Parliament. Alpers was twice temporarily suspended from the SS in 1933 following complaints of excessive violence made against him during the Nazi takeover of Brunswick. In 1933, he personally brought into line the Brunswick and state bar associations.

Minister of the Free State of Brunswick

After the Machtergreifung Alpers became Finance and Justice Minister of Brunswick on 8 May 1933 (a position in which he served until 1934) under the Ministerpräsident Dietrich Klagges. Along with Klagges and Friedrich Jeckeln, Alpers was one of the main persons responsible for the Gleichschaltung and persecution of political opponents in the Free State of Brunswick.

Subordinated to Alpers was Klagges "Hilfspolizei" ("Auxiliary Police"). This force was directly answerable to Klagges and consisted of SA, SS and "Stahlhelm" men. On 4 July 1933, Alpers was directly involved in the Rieseberg-murder of eleven communists and labor organizers in Rieseberg, about 15 miles (24 km) east of Braunschweig.

Awards

Notes

  1. According to Scherzer as Major of the Reserves.[8]

References

Citations

  1. Browder 2004, pp. 94–95.
  2. Humphrey 1951, p. 285.
  3. Kreis 2000, p. 185.
  4. Kay 2011, p. 17.
  5. [1]
  6. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 14.
  7. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 115.
  8. Scherzer 2007, p. 190.
  9. Patzwall 2004, p. 63.

Bibliography

External links