Gen. Philemon Dickinson House

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Gen. Philemon Dickinson House
"The Hermitage"
File:Dickenson House Trenton.JPG
Gen. Philemon Dickinson House is located in Mercer County, New Jersey
Gen. Philemon Dickinson House
Location 46 Colonial Avenue, Trenton, New Jersey
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Area 0.3 acres (0.12 ha)
NRHP Reference # 74001172[1]
NJRHP # 1765[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 17, 1974
Designated NJRHP September 18, 1973

Gen. Philemon Dickinson House is located in Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States.

The original frame house was built by the Rutherford family about 1760. General Philemon Dickinson (1739-1809) bought it in July 1776, as a rural retreat along the Delaware River, and named it "The Hermitage." He lived here with his wife Mary Cadwalader and children, Mary and Samuel.[3] The frame house was torn down about 1905, but a much larger stone-and-stucco addition built in 1784 still stands. The addition was extensively remodeled in the Italianate style in the mid-19th century.[4]

During his partial term as U.S. Senator from New Jersey (1790–93), Dickinson hosted First Lady Martha Washington as a houseguest (May 17–19, 1791).[5] President John Adams was frequently entertained during the summer of 1798, when yellow fever in Philadelphia caused the federal government to evacuate to Trenton, although he lodged at a nearby hotel. Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Alexander Hamilton were reportedly guests, along with Frenchmen General Rochambeau, Joseph Bonaparte, and Louis Philippe (later King of France).[6]

In the early-20th century, the street grid was expanded around the house (note that the building sits at an angle to Colonial Avenue). The house has been converted into apartments.

The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 17, 1974. Trenton Historical Society lists it as one of the top ten endangered buildings in the city.[7]

See also


  1. Staff (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Mercer County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. March 1, 2011. p. 9. Retrieved March 28, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. W. Jay Mills, Historic Houses of New Jersey (1902)
  4. Snell, Charles W. (1972). "General Philemon Dlckinson House, NRHP Nomination". NRHP Focus. National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 18 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Tobias Lear to George Washington, May 15 & 22, 1791, The Papers of George Washington, Presidential Series, vol. 8, Dorothy Twohig, ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1999), pp. 189, 202, 204n.
  6. Mills
  7. Trenton Historical Society

External links