Goilalan languages

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New Guinea
Linguistic classification: Trans–New Guinea ?
  • Goilalan
Glottolog: goil1242[1]
Map: The Goilalan languages of New Guinea
  The Goilalan languages
  (Other) Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages

The Goilalan languages are a family placed in the Trans–New Guinea family by Wurm (1975) and tentatively retained there in the classification of Malcolm Ross (2005). The languages,

are clearly related, especially northern Biagai, Kunimaipa, and Weri, which might be considered divergent dialects. Pronouns are northern 1sg ne, 2sg ni, 3sg pi; Tauade/Fuyug 1sg na, 2sg nu, though Tauade also has the possessive pronouns ne-ve, ni-e.


  1. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Goilalan". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Robin Hide, Jack Golson, eds (ed.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>