Gustaw Orlicz-Dreszer

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General
Gustaw Orlicz-Dreszer
Gen.Orlicz-Dreszer.JPG
Born (1889-10-02)October 2, 1889
Jadów, Congress Poland, Russian Empire
Died 16 July 1936(1936-07-16) (aged 46)
Gdynia, Poland
Years of service 1914-1936
Rank Generał brygady
Awards Virtuti Militari Grand Cross Poloonia Restituta Cross of Independence Cross of Valour 4 times Gold Cross of Merit Commander, Legion of honour

Gustaw Konstanty Orlicz-Dreszer (October 2, 1889 − July 16, 1936) was a Polish general, and a political and social activist.

Before World War I, Orlicz-Dreszer was involved in pro-independence activities in partitioned Poland. In 1914−17 he served in the 1st Brigade of the Polish Legions. He was arrested during the Oath Crisis. From 1918 he served in the Polish Army.

During the Polish-Soviet War he commanded the 4th Cavalry Brigade and the 2nd Cavalry Division. From 1921−23 he was Cavalry Inspector. In 1923 he was promoted to Brigadier General. In 1924−26 he commanded the 2nd and then the 3rd Cavalry Division. During the May 1926 Coup d'État he supported Józef Piłsudski.

In 1930 Orlicz-Dreszer became a member of ZG Liga Morska i Kolonialna (Maritime and Colonial League). He created and promoted a development program for the Polish merchant marine. From 1930−36 he served as Inspector of the Polish Army and in 1936 as Inspector of Air Defense.

Orlicz-Dreszer died in a plane accident, crashing in a RWD-9 plane into the Baltic Sea near Gdynia while flying excessively low.

Awards

Sources

References

Bibliography

  • Sławomir Koper, Życie prywatne elit Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej, Warszawa 2011
  • Dziennik Personalny Ministra Spraw Wojskowych nr 54 z 23.12.1926
  • Przemysław Olstowski Generał Gustaw Orlicz-Dreszer, Wyd. Adam Marszałek, Toruń 2000
  • Zbigniew Mierzwiński: Generałowie II Rzeczypospolitej. Warszawa 1990: Wydawnictwo Polonia, pages 201-208
  • Cezary Leżeński / Lesław Kukawski: O kawalerii polskiej XX wieku. Wrocław: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, 1991, page 22