Hans Ehlers

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Hans Ehlers
File:Hans Ehlers.jpg
Hans Ehlers
Born (1914-07-15)15 July 1914
Hennstedt, Germany
Died 27 December 1944(1944-12-27) (aged 30)
Mayen, France
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz.svg Luftwaffe
Years of service –1944
Rank Hauptmann
Unit Condor Legion, JG 3, JG 1
Commands held I./JG 1
Battles/wars Spanish Civil War
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Hans Ehlers[Note 1] (15 July 1914 – 27 December 1944) was a former German Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II. Hans Ehlers was credited with 55 victories.

Military career

Ehlers was a member of the groundstaff of the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War. Unteroffizier Ehlers was serving with 2./JG 3 during the Battle of France. On 18 May 1940, he recorded his first victories when he claimed two RAF fighters shot down over Valenciennes. He in turn, was shot down by RAF Hawker Hurricane fighters of No. 56 Squadron RAF on the same day and crash-landed his Bf 109 E-1 south of Valenciennes and was listed as missing. However, Ehlers managed to escape and return to his own lines to rejoin. During the Battle of Britain, Ehlers added a further two victories.

Leutnant Ehlers was appointed Staffelkapitän of 2./JG 1 on 1 October 1943. On 24 October 1943, Ehlers was presented the German Cross in Gold by Hermann Göring. On 11 November 1943, Oberleutnant Ehlers became Staffelkapitän of 3./JG 1. Hauptmann Ehlers became Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 1. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 9 June 1944 for 52 victories. On 27 December 1944, Ehlers led off 18 Fw 190s on a mission to cover ground troops in the Dinant-Rochefort area. Near Mayen, he encountered P-51 Mustangs of the USAAF 364th Fighter Group and was shot down in his Fw 190 A-8. Hans Ehlers was credited with 55 victories.

Awards

Ehlers was nominated for the posthumous Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross. This nomination was not approved.[4]

Notes

  1. According to Scherzer his first name is Johann.[1]

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 289.
  2. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 98.
  3. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 170.
  4. MacLean 2007, p. 117.

Bibliography

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • MacLean, French L (2007). Luftwaffe Efficiency & Promotion Reports: For the Knight's Cross Winners. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military History. ISBN 978-0-7643-2657-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Mombeek, Eric (13 September 2003). Defenders of the Reich: Jagdgeschwder 1 Volume Three 1944–1945 (Defenders of the Reich). Hersham: Classic Publications. ISBN 978-1-903223-03-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>* Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

  • "Aces of the Luftwaffe". Hans Ehlers. Retrieved 19 February 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>