Hansa-Brandenburg C.I

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Hansa-Brandenburg C.I
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Hansa-Brandenburg
Designer Ernst Heinkel
Introduction 1916
Primary users Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops
Polish Air Force
Number built 1318

The Hansa-Brandenburg C.I, also known as Type LDD, was a 2-seater armed single-engine reconnaissance biplane designed by Ernst Heinkel, who worked at that time for the parent company in Germany. The C.I had similarities with the earlier B.I (Type FD, also designed by Heinkel), including inward-sloping interplane bracing struts. Like other early-war Austro-Hungarian reconnaissance aircraft, such as C-types of Lloyd or Lohner, the Type LDD had a communal cockpit for its crew.

The C.I served in the Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops in visual- and photographic reconnaissance, artillery observation and light bombing duties from early spring 1916 to the end of World War I. The aircraft had good handling characteristics, and steady introduction of more powerful engines in successive production batches (see below) enabled the improvement of performance and thus the continuing front-line service.

Armament of the type consisted of a free-firing 8 mm (.315 in) Schwarzlose machine gun at the rear for the observer, and at least in some aircraft for the pilot there was also a similar fixed, non-synchronised forward-firing gun in a pod above the top wing. This latter weapon was replaced in later production examples by a synchronised 8 mm (.315 in) Schwarzlose gun on the port side of the fuselage. The normal bomb load for the C.I was 60 kg (130 lb), but some aircraft could carry one 80 kg (180 lb) and two 10 kg (20 lb) bombs.


Hansa-Brandenburg C.I were used initially by Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops for reconnaissance and bombing during World War I.

After the war, at least 33 machines entered Polish service (some sources indicate 54)[1] and they were used during the Polish-Ukrainian War and Polish-Soviet War. The Hansa-Brandenburg C.I was the first aircraft of the Polish Air Force to complete a combat mission, on 5 November 1918, even before official acknowledgement of the country's independence, during the defence of Lviv.(flown by Stefan Bastyr)[2]

The Hansa-Brandenburg C.I was used by the Royal Air Force of Yugoslavia from 1918 to 1930 as a training aircraft. After retirement from military service they were donated to Aeroclub, received civil registrations and were used for training sports and reserve pilots.


In addition to 84 aircraft built by Hansa-Brandenburg, 400 by Phönix Flugzeug-Werke[3] and 834 by Ungarische Flugzeugfabrik A.G. License production aircraft were built in the following batches:

Aero (Czechoslovakia) post-war

Aero A-14, Aero A-15 and Aero A-26 with 138 kW (185 hp) BMW IIIas built by Walter Engines


 Kingdom of Hungary
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Specifications (Hansa-Brandenburg C.I Series 23)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2, pilot and observer
  • Length: 8.20 m (26 ft 10¾ in)
  • Wingspan: 13.12 m (43 ft 0⅜ in)
  • Height: m (ft in)
  • Wing area: 43.46 m² (468 ft)
  • Loaded weight: 1,060 kg (2,332 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Austro-Daimler water-cooled in-line, 120 kW (160 hp)



  • 1 or 2 × 8 mm (.315 in) Schwarzlose machine gun(s)
  • Up to 100 kg (220 lb) of bombs

See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


  1. Krzysztof Chołoniewski, Wiesław Bączkowski (in Polish), Samoloty wojskowe obcych konstrukcji 1918-1939 [Military aircraft of foreign designs 1918-1939]. Warsaw, WKiŁ, 1987. ISBN 83-206-0566-0, p. 9
  2. Tomasz Kopański (in Polish), Lotnictwo w obronie Lwowa w listopadzie 1918 roku [Aviation in Lviv defence in November 1918], Militaria i Fakty nr. 6/2001, p.40
  3. Haberfellner, Wernfried; Walter Schroeder (1993.). Wiener-Neustädter Flugzeugwerke GmbH. -{AT}--Graz: Weishaupt. ISBN 3-7059-0000-5.


  1. Munson, Kenneth - Bombers, Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft 1914 - 1919 ISBN 0-7537-0918-X
  2. Keimel, Reinhard (1981). "Die Heeresflugzeuge der k.u.k Luftschifferabteilung bzw. der k.u.k. Fligerkompanien von 1909 - 1918". Oesterreichs Luftfahrzeuge-Gschichte der Luftfahrt von den Anfaengen bis Ende 1918. AT-Graz: H.Weishaupt Verlag. pp. 320, 321. ISBN 3-900310-03-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Haberfellner, Wernfried; Walter Schroeder (1993). Wiener-Neustädter Flugzeugwerke GmbH. AT-Graz: Weishaupt. ISBN 3-7059-0000-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Angelucci, Enzo; Paolo Matricardi (1976). Flugzeuge von den Anfängen bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg. Wiesbaden. ISBN 3-8068-0391-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Janić, Čedomir; Petrović, O. (2011). Short History of Aviation in Serbia. Beograd: Aerokomunikacije. ISBN 978-86-913973-2-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links