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Sound change and alternation

Haplology (from Greek ἁπλός haplos "simple" and λόγος logos, "speech") is defined as the elimination of a syllable when two consecutive identical or similar syllables occur. The phenomenon was identified by American philologist Maurice Bloomfield in the 20th century.[1] Linguists sometimes jokingly refer to the phenomenon as "haplogy" (subjecting the word haplology to haplology).[citation needed]


  • Basque: sagarrardo > sagardo ('apple cider')
  • Dutch: narcissisme > narcisme ('narcissism')
  • English:
    • Engla land > England [1]
    • morphophonology > morphonology[2]
    • coercitive (obsolete spelling) > coercive[3]
    • mono nomial > monomial
    • Colloquial (non-standard spellings signalled by *):
      • library (RP: /ˈlaɪbrərɪ/) > *libry /ˈlaɪbrɪ/
      • particularly > *particuly
      • probably > *probly
      • February > *Febury, *Febuary
      • * preventative > preventive[4]
      • representative > * representive
      • authoritative > * authoritive
  • Latin: nutritrix > nutrix 'nurse'
  • Biological Latin:
  • Homeric Greek: amphiphoreus > amphoreus 'two-handled pitcher' [6]
  • Classical Arabic: تتقاتلون tataqātalūna > تقاتلون taqātalūna 'you are fighting each other' [7]
  • Spanish: impudicicia > impudicia 'lack of honesty' (both words are widely accepted)[8]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for February 6, 2008". Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved 2008-02-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Trubetskoy, N.S. (1969). "Appendix II: Thoughts on Morphonology". In Baltaxe (transl.), Christiane A. M. (ed.). Principles of Phonology. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. p. 305. ISBN 0-520-01535-5. By morphonology or morphophonology we understand, as is well known, the study of the utilization in morphology of the phonological means of language.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Translated from the German (Grundzüge der Phonologie, Prague, 1939).
  3. Oxford English Dictionary (online version ed.). November 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Preventive - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Retrieved 2015-01-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Mammal Species of the World - Browse: Nycteridae". bucknell.edu.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Hock, Hans Henrich (1986). "Sound change: Dissimilation, haplology, metathesis". Principles of Historical Linguistics. De Gruyter. p. 109. ISBN 3-11-010600-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Kaye, Alan (1987). "Arabic". In Bernard Comrie (ed.). The World's Major Languages. Oxford University Press. p. 567. ISBN 0-19-520521-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "DRAE entry for 'impudicicia'". Diccionario de la Lengua Española Vigésima segunda edición. Retrieved 2010-11-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


  • Crowley, Terry. (1997) An Introduction to Historical Linguistics. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press.