Heinz Auerswald

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Heinz Auerswald
Born (1908-07-26)26 July 1908
Died 5 December 1970(1970-12-05) (aged 62)
Nationality German Germany
Political party Nazi
Announcement of Heinz Auerswald dated 17 November 1941 about the execution of 8 Jews for illegal abandoment of the Warsaw Ghetto

Heinz Auerswald (26 July 1908 – 5 December 1970) was a German lawyer and member of the SS in Nazi Germany, which he joined in 1933. He was "Kommissar für den jüdischen Wohnbezirk" ("Commissioner for the Jewish residential district") in Warsaw from April 1941 to November 1942. He along with Hans Biebow administrated and managed the Warsaw Ghetto's productionalist policy of economic independence providing the Ghetto with essential materials for its inhabitants continual survival until the adoption of the final solution. The Nazi strategy was to cause mass starvation in the ghetto by ensuring that if no resident "received no more than 800 calories of low-protein food per day, the entire population would be dead in nine months."[1] Under Auerswald's leadership, bodies of Jews lay in the streets of the Warsaw ghetto "as garbage" because their families could not afford to pay for funerals and destitution reached "unimaginable proportions."[2]

He was investigated by the West German government in the 1960s, but was not tried.


  1. Winick, Myron (Oct 27, 2005). "Hunger Disease: Studies by the Jewish Physicians in the Warsaw Ghetto, Their Historical Importance and Their Relevance Today". Columbia.edu. Columbia University. Archived from the original on 2016-04-07. Retrieved 2016-04-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Jewish Corpses Left As Garbage in Warsaw Ghetto As Starvation Mounts". JTA.org. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. August 8, 1941. Archived from the original on 2016-04-01. Retrieved 2016-04-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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