Henryk Jabłoński

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Henryk Jabłoński
5th Chairman of the Council of State of the People's Republic of Poland
In office
28 March 1972 – 6 November 1985
Preceded by Józef Cyrankiewicz
Succeeded by Wojciech Jaruzelski
Personal details
Born 27 December 1909
Stary Waliszew, then Russian Empire, now Poland
Died 27 January 2003 (aged 93)
Nationality Polish
Political party Polish Socialist Party
Polish United Workers' Party
Profession Historian

Henryk Jabłoński (Polish pronunciation: [ˈxɛnrɨk jaˈbwɔɲskʲi]; 27 December 1909 – 27 January 2003) was a Polish Socialist. After 1948, he became a Communist politician, as well as a historian and professor at Warsaw University. He served as head of state of the People's Republic of Poland between 1972 and 1985.

Life and career

Jabłoński was born in Stary Waliszew near Łowicz. From 1931, he was a member of the Polish Socialist Party (PPS). During World War II he fought in the battle of Narvik (Norway) and then joined the French Resistance. In 1945 Jabłoński become a member of the State National Council (KRN), and during the years 1946 and 1948 he had high functions in the PPS (chairman of Central State Committee and its vice-leader). He approved joining the PPS with the Polish Workers' Party (PPR, Polska Partia Robotnicza).

From 1947 to 1972, he was a deputy to the Sejm. In 1948 he was appointed professor at Warsaw University (from 1952 member of Polish Academy of Sciences – PAN). Between 1948 and 1981, Henryk Jabłoński was in the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party (KC PZPR).

In 1972, on the initiative of Edward Gierek, Jablonski was chosen the de iure leader (chairman of the Council of State) of the People's Republic of Poland. From 1976 to 1983 he was a chief of the Front of National Unity (FJN, Front Jedności Narodu). From 1983 to 1990 he was chief of ZBoWiD, the Society of Fighters for Freedom and Democracy, an organisation of war veterans. In 1985 he was replaced as head of state by General Wojciech Jaruzelski.

Honours and awards

Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta, earlier Commander's Cross
Order of the Builders of People's Poland
Order of the Banner of Labour (Poland), 1st class
Order of the Cross of Grunwald, 3rd class
Deed Combat Cross Polish Armed Forces in the West (1989)
Gold Medal of Merit for National Defence
Great Star of Honour of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Austria
Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold (Belgium)
Order of Georgi Dimitrov (Bulgaria)
Order of the White Lion, First Class with Chain (CSSR)
Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour (France)
Order of Al Rafidain, 1st Class (Iraq)
Order of José Marti (Cuba)
Collars of the Order of the Aztec Eagle (Mexico)
Order of Sukhbaatar (Mongolia)
Great Chain of the Order of Prince Henry the Navigator (Portugal)
Great Banner of the Order of Ommajadów (Syria)
Banner Order of the Hungarian People's Republic, 1st class
Order of the October Revolution (USSR)
Order of Friendship of Peoples (USSR)
Order of the Badge of Honour (USSR)
State Award, Grade II – 1955
State Prize – 1964
Special National Award – 1979

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Józef Cyrankiewicz
Chairman of the Polish Council of State
Succeeded by
Wojciech Jaruzelski