Hodï language

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Region central Venezuela
Native speakers
640 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 yau
Glottolog yuwa1244[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

The Hodï (Jotí, Hoti) language, also known as Yuwana (Yoana), Waruwaru, or Chikano (Chicano), is a small unclassified language of Venezuela. Almost nothing is known of it; its several hundred speakers are monolingual hunter-gatherers.

Limited by poor data, Henley, Mattéi-Müller and Reid (1996) argue that it may be related to the Nadahup languages. However, the only linguist to speak Hodi and Piaroa, Stanford Zent, has collected more reliable data and argues that it is "probably" related to the Piaroa–Saliban languages.[3]


The first phonological analysis is Vilera (1985).[4]

oral nasal
front central back front central back
close i ɨ u ĩ ɨ̃ ũ
close-mid e ɘ o ɘ̃ õ
open a ã
labial alveolar palatal velar labiovelar glottal
plain preasp. plain preasp. plain preasp. plain preasp. plain preasp. plain preasp.
voiceless stops t ʰt c ʰc k ʰk ʰkʷ ʔ
voiced stops b ʰb d ʰd ɟ ʰɟ
fricatives h
flaps ɾ ʰɾ
approximants w ʰw j ʰj

The voiced stops are realized as nasals [m n ɲ] between nasal vowels.

External links

  • Alain Fabre 2005. Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos: HOTI


  1. Hodï at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Yuwana". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Zent S & E Zent. 2008. Los Hoti, in Aborigenes de Venezuela, vol. 2, second edition [1]
  4. Vilera Díaz, Diana C. 1985. "Introducción morfológica de la lengua Hoti". Thesis in Anthropology. Caracas: Universidad Central de Venezuela.