Ilya Lifshitz

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Ilya Mikhailovich Lifshitz
File:Ilya Lifshitz.jpg
Born (1917-01-13)January 13, 1917
Kharkiv, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire
Died October 23, 1982(1982-10-23)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, USSR
Fields Physics
Institutions Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology Institute for Physical Problems
Alma mater University of Kharkiv, Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute
Doctoral advisor Lev Landau
Doctoral students Mark Azbel, Alexander Grosberg, Moisei Kaganov, Emanuil Kaner, Alexei Khokhlov, Arnold Kosevich, Valentin Peschansky, Vitaly Slezov, Vladimir Ulyanov
Known for Lifshitz tails, Lifshitz exponent, Self-averaging, spectral shift function, supersolidity
Notable awards Lenin prize

Ilya Mikhailovich Lifshitz (Russian: Илья Михайлович Лифшиц, January 13, 1917 – October 23, 1982) was a leading Soviet theoretical physicist of a Jewish origin, brother of Evgeny Lifshitz. He is known for his works in solid state physics, electron theory of metals, disordered systems, and the theory of polymers.[1][2]

Together with Arnold M. Kosevich established (1954) connection between the oscillation of magnetic characteristics of metals and the form of an electronic surface of Fermi (Lifshitz–Kosevich formula).

Lifshitz was one of the founders of the theory of disordered systems.[3] He introduced some of the basic notions, such as self-averaging, and discovered what is now called Lifshitz tails and Lifshitz singularity.

In perturbation theory, Lifshitz introduced[4] the notion of spectral shift function, which was later developed by Mark Krein.


  1. Odijk, T. (1997). "Ilya M. Lifshitz. An appreciation". Physics Reports. 288: 9. Bibcode:1997PhR...288....9O. doi:10.1016/S0370-1573(97)00019-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Grosberg, A. Yu.; Khokhlov, A. R. (1994). Statistical Physics of Macromolecules. Springer. ISBN 978-1-56396-071-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Gredeskul, S.A.; Pastur, L.A. (1985). "Works of I. M. Lifshitz on disordered systems". J. Stat. Phys. 38 (1/2): 25–36. Bibcode:1985JSP....38...25G. doi:10.1007/BF01017846.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Lifshitz, I.M. (1952). "On a problem of the theory of perturbations connected with quantum statistics". Uspekhi Mat. Nauk. 7 (1 (47)): 171–180.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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