Inchoun

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Inchoun (English)
Инчоун (Russian)
И’нчувин (Chukchi)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Selo[1]
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Inchoun is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Inchoun
Inchoun
Location of Inchoun in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
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Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administrative district Chukotsky District[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of November 2004)
Municipal district Chukotsky Municipal District[2]
Rural settlement Inchoun Rural Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Inchoun Rural Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 387 inhabitants[3][4]
Population (January 2014 est.) 383 inhabitants[5]
Time zone PETT (UTC+12:00)[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 689313
Dialing code(s) +7 42736[8]
[[:commons:Category:{{#property:Commons category}}|Inchoun]] on Wikimedia Commons

Inchoun (Russian: Инчоун, Chukchi: И’нчувин,[9] Yupik: Инсиг’вик[9]) is a rural locality (a selo) in Chukotsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia.[1] It is located on the shores of the Chukchi Sea, about 25 kilometers (16 mi) west of Uelen. Population: 387 (2010 Census);[3] [4] Municipally Inchoun is subordinated to Chukotsky Municipal District and is incorporated as Inchoun Rural Settlement.[2]

History

Pre-history

The name of the village comes from the Chukchi word I'nchuvin, meaning "a cut-off nose tip". This strange appellation is derived from a nearby cliff with a large rock at its base that is said to look like a nose cut from a face.[10] There is a Chukchi dancing troupe in the village called Vyrykvyn.[9]

Excavations carried out by the Museum of Chukotka Heritage Centre and the State Museum of Northern Art at the Palpeygak (Russian: Пальпейгак) site (named after a nearby eponymous creek) revealed finds indicating that the area had been inhabited for the last 3000 years[11]

Twentieth Century

In 1945 Inchoun had the best Soviet reading rooms in the Okrug.[11] In the 1950s, construction began on wooden houses in the village and by 1957, the first nine families moved out of their Yaranga and into these new houses.[11]

Demographics

The population of the village as of 2009 was 398[11] an increase on the estimate in 2008 of 365,[9] which itself was down from the figure given in March 2003 of 373 (of which 353 were indigenous peoples).[12] The official census results indicate a slight reduction on the 2009 estimate to 387,[3] of whom 185 were male and 202 female.[4]

Transport

Inchoun is 150 miles from the district centre Lavrentiya[11] and is not connected to any other part of the world by permanent road. However, there is a small network of roads within the settlement including:[13]

  • Улицa Ачиргина (Ulitsa Achyrgyna)
  • Улицa Коммунистическая (Ulitsa Kommunisticheskaya, lit. Communist Street)
  • Улицa Морзверобоев (Ulitsa Morzveroboyev, li. Walrus-hunting Brigade Street)
  • Улицa Тенетегина (Ulitsa Tenetegyna)
  • Улицa Центральная (Ulitsa Tsentralnaya, lit. Central Street)
  • Улицa Шипина (Ulitsa Shipina)
  • Улицa Школьная (Ulitsa Shkolnaya, lit. School Street)

Climate

Inchoun has a Tundra climate (ET)[14] because the warmest month has an average temperature between 0 °C (32 °F) and 10 °C (50 °F).

Climate data for Inchoun
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.5
(41.9)
3.9
(39)
6.4
(43.5)
10.5
(50.9)
18.4
(65.1)
22.7
(72.9)
22
(72)
16.3
(61.3)
12
(54)
8.7
(47.7)
10
(50)
22.7
(72.9)
Average high °C (°F) −17.9
(−0.2)
−16.7
(1.9)
−15.8
(3.6)
−9.1
(15.6)
−0.7
(30.7)
5.6
(42.1)
10
(50)
9.2
(48.6)
5.4
(41.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
−13.9
(7)
−4
(25)
Average low °C (°F) −23.9
(−11)
−22.8
(−9)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−15.2
(4.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
1
(34)
4.8
(40.6)
4.8
(40.6)
2.2
(36)
−3
(27)
−9.8
(14.4)
−19
(−2)
−9
(16)
Record low °C (°F) −44.1
(−47.4)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−41.4
(−42.5)
−31.1
(−24)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−5.6
(21.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
−6.1
(21)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−41.2
(−42.2)
−44.1
(−47.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
20
(0.79)
13.8
(0.543)
18.1
(0.713)
18.8
(0.74)
15.1
(0.594)
40.4
(1.591)
46.2
(1.819)
35.9
(1.413)
45.4
(1.787)
28.8
(1.134)
18.4
(0.724)
319.9
(12.594)
Average snowy days 14 12 11 15 13 3 0 0 4 17 20 15 124
Source: [15]

See also

References

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Law #33-OZ, Article 13.2 (Russian)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Law #47-OZ, Article 2 (Russian)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1". Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 The results of the 2010 Census are given for Inchoun Rural Settlement, a municipal formation of Chukotsky Municipal District. According to Law #148-OZ, Inchoun is the only inhabited locality on the territory of Inchoun Rural Settlement.
  5. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность постоянного населения Чукотского автономного округа по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2014 года (Russian)
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation Chukotsky District (Russian)
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Inchoun Information, Beringia Nature Park Website. Retrieved 12 April 2012
  10. Strogoff, p.120
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Муниципальное образование сельское поселение Инчоун Municipal Formation of the Rural Settlement of Inchoun - Official Website of Chukotsky District]
  12. Red Cross of Chukotka. Chukotsky District (Archived)
  13. Pochtovik Mail Delivery Service Inchoun - Chukotsky District (Russian)
  14. McKnightand Hess, pp.235-7
  15. "Weather Averages for Inchoun from meoweather.com". meoweather.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Sources

  • McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-020263-0.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №55-ОЗ от 9 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня его официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №7 (28), 14 мая 1999 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #55-OZ of June 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.). (Russian)
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №47-ОЗ от 29 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Чукотского района Чукотского автономного округа». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №31/1 (178/1), 10 декабря 2004 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #47-OZ of November 29, 2004 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Chukotsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication date.). (Russian)
  • Strogoff, M, Brochet, P-C and Auzias, D. Petit Futé: Chukotka, "Avant-Garde" Publishing House, 2006.