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|File:Israel Lepelevsky 2013-06-27 07-26.jpg
Brest-Litovsk, Grodno Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||July 28, 1938
Moscow, Soviet Union
Israel Moiseevich Leplevsky (1894 - July 28, 1938) was the head of the GPU in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, then People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR from June 14, 1937 to January 25, 1938. His brother Gregory Leplevsky also worked in senior positions in the Soviet Union, including as Prosecutor of the USSR.
Born into a Jewish family in Brest-Litovsk, Grodno Governorate, Leplevsky received a home education and worked afterwards in a hat shop, and in a pharmacy warehouse. In 1914 he was enrolled as a conscript in the Russian army and served on the Turkish front from October 1914 till June 1917.
In March 1917, Leplevsky became active in the Bolshevik party in Tbilisi. From June 1917 he was a member of the military organization of the RSDLP (Bolshevik) in Yekaterinoslav. Afterwards he made a career in the Soviet secret service, the GPU, in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, culminating in his appointment as People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR from June 14, 1937 to January 25, 1938.
He was arrested on April 26, 1938, and on 28 July he was shot according a sentence passed by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR.
||People Commissariat of Internal Affairs of Belarus
|People Commissariat of Internal Affairs of Ukraine