Ivan Dziuba

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Ivan Dziuba
Дзюба Іван Михайлович
Personal details
Born (1931-07-26) July 26, 1931 (age 90)
Mykolaivka, Ukrainian SSR
Nationality  Ukraine
Awards Hero of Ukraine Member of the Order of Liberty Member of the Order of Liberty

Ivan Dziuba (Ukrainian: Іва́н Миха́йлович Дзю́ба) (born July 26, 1931 in Mykolaivka) is a Ukrainian literary critic, social activist, dissident, Hero of Ukraine, academic of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the second Minister of Culture of Ukraine (1992—1994), Head of the Committee for Shevchenko National Prize (1999–2001).

Co-Chief of Editorial Board of the Encyclopaedia of Modern Ukraine.

Chief editor of the magazine The Contemporary (Сучасність) in the 1990s, a member of the editorial boards of scientific magazines "Київська старовина", "Слово і час", "Євроатлантика" and others.

Biography

Born into a peasant family.

In 1932, Ivan's family, fleeing from the famine, moved from their home village to the nearby workers' village Novotroyits'ke for a short time. Later, they moved to Olenevski Quarry (now Dokuchaevsk), where Dziuba finished secondary school № 1.

He graduated from Donetsk Pedagogical Institute, and pursued postgraduate studies in the Shevchenko Institute of Literature. His work was first published in 1959.

In the 1970s, he was subjected to harassment for the views he expressed in some publications.

For his work Internationalism or Russification? (London, 1968, and "Motherland" magazine (ukr. "Вітчизна"), 1990, No. 5-7), dealing with the problems threatening national relations in socialist society, he was sentenced to 5 years in prison and 5 years in exile. A special commission of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine called the work "lampoons on the Soviet reality, the national policy of the CPSU and the practice of communist construction in the USSR." Authorities accused Dziuba of undermining Soviet friendship of peoples, and fueling hatred between the Ukrainian and Russian peoples. With help from Oleg Antonov, Dziuba was pardoned and hired to work at the Antonov Serial Production Plant.

Laureate of the Shevchenko Prize, O. Biletsky Prize, Antonovich Fund International Prize, Volodymyr Vernadsky Prize.

References

  • Шевченківські лауреати. 1962—2001: Енциклопедичний довідник. — К., 2001. — С. 136—138.

Bibliography

Cultural offices
Preceded by
Volodymyr Yavorivsky
Shevchenko National Prize Committee Chair
1999 – 2005
Succeeded by
Roman Lubkivsky