Cossack Vasyl (The Lost Deed)
June 15, 1941|
Chortoryia, Chernivtsi Region, Soviet Union
|Died||August 3, 1987
Kyiv, Soviet Union
|Alma mater||Karpenko-Karyi Memorial National University of Theatrical Arts|
|Years active||1964 - 1987|
|Known for||role of Hutsul Ivan Paliychuk in Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors|
|Title||Distinguished Artist of Ukrainian SSR|
|Awards||Lenin's Komsomol Prize of Ukrainian SSR (1967)
Shevchenko State Prize of Ukrainian SSR (1988)
He is best known for playing the Hutsul Ivan in Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (Тіні забутих предків) (1964), based on Mykhailo Kotsyubynsky's book of the same name. He received the Komsomol prize of Ukraine in 1967, and the title of Meritorious Artist of the Ukrainian SSR in 1968. He posthumously received the Taras Shevchenko prize.
Mykolaichuk was born in a village of Chortoryia (Kitsman Raion) in Western Ukraine during the World War II in a family of peasants. Ivan graduated from a high school of the neighboring village of Brusnytsia (Kitsman Raion). In 1957 he finished the Chernivtsi Music College and in 1961 he graduated from the theater-studio of the Chernivtsi Music-Drama Theater of Kobylyanska. On August 29, 1962 Ivan married an actress of the theater (later the People's Artist of Ukraine) Maria Karpiuk.
In 1963-65 he studied in the Karpenko-Karyi Memorial Kyiv Institute of Theatrical Arts (instructor - Viktor Ivchenko). During those years Ivan debuted in the Leonid Osyka's movie Dvoye (The two).
His films were often controversial and suppressed by the Soviet authorities; sometimes his films were banned from being screened by the KGB. Due to incidents with the Parajanov's film Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors Mykolaichuk was banned from film industry for some five years by the party authorities being recognized as too nationalistic and a person of hostile ideology. The movie, Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors, that received the Gold Prize of the 7th Moscow International Film Festival in 1971, was perceived almost as a hostile attack by nationalistic forces.
In 1979 with the help of Volodymyr Ivashko who worked as the secretary of ideological work in the Kharkiv Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine, Mykolaichuk was given permission to participate in the movie Babylon 20th (Вавилон ХХ).
Mykolaichuk died in August 1987 at the age of 46. His house in Chortoryia, Kitsman Raion, Chernivtsi Oblast, has since been turned into a museum. He left a lasting legacy on Ukrainian film. Many consider him to be the greatest actor in the history of Ukrainian Cinematography. He also inspired other Ukrainian artists, actors, singers and writers who were searching for their Ukrainian identity in the Soviet era.
|1964||The Dream||Film||Taras Shevchenko|
|1964||Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors||Film||Hutsul Ivan||Lenin Komsomol Prize of Ukraine (1967)|
|1965||The Viper||Film||White Guardian Brykin|
|1966||Wild Grass||Film||Davyd Motuzka|
|1967||Two deaths||Short Film|
|1968||Mistake of Honoré de Balzac||Film||Levko (jockey-serf)|
|1970||White Bird with Black Mark||Film||Petro Dzvonar|
|1971||I Go To You||Film|
|1971||Lady from Berendei Land||Film||Rei|
|1972||Contrary to Everything||Film||Ioko|
|1972||The Lost Deed||Film||Cossack Vasyl|
|1973||Novella About a Woman||Film||writer|
|1973||When person smiled||Film||Oleksiy|
|1973||About Vitya, Masha, and marines||Film||Vakula|
|1975||Waves of the Black Sea||Film||Terentiy|
|1976||The troubled month of Veresen||Film||Hnat|
|1978||The redemption of sins of others||Film||Rusyn|
|1980||The Forest Song. Nymph||Film||Spirit of Forest / Uncle Leo|
|1981||Such Late, Such Warm Autumn||Film||Hryhor Korchak|
|1982||The Return of Batterfly||Film||Anton Krushelnytsky|
|1983||The Legend of Princess Olga||Film||Great Prince Vladimir the Great|
|1983||Myrhorod and its Inhabitants||Film||Kurochka|
|1983||On the edge of the sword||Film||General Turchyn|
|1979||Babylon XX||All-Union Film Festival in Dushanbe (1980) - Best Director|
|1981||Such Late, Such Warm Autumn|
|1970||White Bird with Black Mark|
|1974||To Dream and to Live|
|1977||The Unsociable Man|
|1978||Under the Twins' Sign|
|1981||So Late and Warm Autumn|
|1986||And Memory Will Recall in the Sounds|
|1989||Fables About Ivan|
- Lenin Komsomol Prize of the Ukrainian SSR (1967)
- Distinguished Artist of the Ukrainian SSR (1968)
- Shevchenko State Prize of the Ukrainian SSR (1988 posthumously) for performance of roles of Taras Shevchenko, Ivan Paliychuk, Davyd Motuzka, Hryhoriy Hromov, Petro Dzvonar, Fabian, and Hryhoriy Korchak in films "Dream", "Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors", "Weed", "Commissars", "White Bird with Black Mark", "Babylon-XX", and "Such late, such warm Autumn"