|Born||24 April 1897
Mühldorf, Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany
|Died||17 February 1993|
|Years of service||1915 - 1918, 1939 - 1945|
|Other work||Became Adolf Hitler's personal pilot|
SS-Gruppenführer Johannes Baur began his military career as a World War I flying ace credited with six aerial victories. He became Adolf Hitler's personal pilot in the 1930s. During World War II, he rose to the rank of Generalleutnant.
World War I service
In 1918, Baur served in FA 295 as an Unteroffizier pilot of two-seater Hannover CL.III ground attack aircraft. His observer was Leutnant Georg Ritter von Hengl. Baur was credited with six confirmed and three unconfirmed victories against French aircraft beginning 17 July 1918. Vizefeldwebel "Hans" Baur was awarded the Iron Cross First Class and the Bavarian Silver Bravery Medal for attacking a French formation of seven and downing two of the Spads that day. Baur would score his last victories on 29 October 1918.
Post World War I
During the 1930s, Baur became Adolf Hitler's personal pilot, at the control of Junkers 52s and Focke-Wulf 200s. From 1939 to 1945, Baur rose to become a SS Generalleutnant. He was captured by the Russians at war's end and spent ten years in the Siberian gulag. He survived having a gangrenous leg amputated by a dental technician virtually without anesthetic.
Johann "Hans" Baur died 17 February 1993, age 95.
Sources of information
- The Aerodrome website http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/baur.php
- Franks et al 1993, p. 67.
- Franks et al 1993, pp. 67-68.
- Franks et al 1993, p. 68.
- Above the Lines: The Aces and Fighter Units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps, 1914–1918. Norman Franks, Frank W. Bailey, Russell Guest. Grub Street, 1993. ISBN 0-948817-73-9, ISBN 978-0-948817-73-1.
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