John G. Collier

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John Gordon Collier FRS[1] (22 January 1935 – 18 November 1995) was a British chemical engineer and administrator, particularly associated with nuclear power for electricity production. He started as an apprentice at Harwell United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) and rose to become its chairman.

Life

Collier was born 22 January 1935 in Streatham, London, and went to St Paul's School before joining the UKAEA as an apprentice. He studied part-time for A-levels, then went to University College London where he gained a first class degree in chemical engineering in 1956.[2]

He returned to UKAEA Harwell, and married a secretary from the establishment, Ellen Mitchell (1935–1998), in 1956. They had two children, Clare and John Douglas.[2] He died in Sheepscombe, Gloucestershire on 18 November 1995.[2]

Work

He left the UKAEA in 1962 for employment in the nuclear power industry in Canada and the UK, but returned to head its chemical engineering division in 1966, then became head of safety and reliability. During this time he published a book Convective Boiling and Condensation (1972) which became a standard reference.[2] In 1983 he became director-general of the Central Electricity Generating Board CEGB, but returned to the UKAEA as deputy chairman in 1986 and chairman in 1987. Following the breakup of the CEGB and death of Sir Walter Marshall (inconsistency: the entry on Walter Marshall says he died in 1996 - i.e. after Collier's death), in 1990 he became first chairman of the Barnwood-based Nuclear Electric and was responsible for the creation of Sizewell B, Britain's first Pressurized water reactor[3]

Honours

He was a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering (RAE) (1988) and a Fellow of the Royal Society (1990).[1] In 1993 he was President of the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE), and received honorary doctorates from Cranfield University and the University of Bristol.[2]

In commemoration, the John Collier medal is awarded biennially jointly by the RAE, Royal Society and IChemE.[4]


Notable Publication

  • J. G. Collier (1972) Convective Boiling and Condensation (McGraw-Hill, London)
  • J. G. Collier and J. R. Thorne (1996) Convective Boiling and Condensation 3rd edition (Oxford University Press)ISBN 978-0-19-856296-2

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hewitt, G. F. (1999). "John Gordon Collier, F.R.Eng. 22 January 1935 -- 18 November 1995: Elected F.R.S. 1990". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 45: 67. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography accessed 10 January 2009
  3. Brian Eyre (1995) The Independent November 23, 1995, Obituary
  4. IChemE website