Julian Przyboś

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Julian Przyboś
Julian Przybos.jpg
Julian Przyboś in 1940s
Born (1901-03-05)5 March 1901
Gwoźnica, Austria-Hungary
Died 6 October 1970(1970-10-06) (aged 69)
Warsaw, Polish People's Republic
Occupation Poet, essayist, translator
Nationality Polish
Literary movement Kraków Avant-Garde

Julian Przyboś (5 March 1901 – 6 October 1970) was a Polish poet, essayist and translator, one of the most important poets of the Kraków Avant-Garde.

Przyboś was born in Gwoźnica near Strzyżów to a peasant family. From 1912, he attended the Konarski Secondary School in Rzeszów.

Although he was a supporter of socialist ideals, in 1920 he volunteered in the Polish Army during the Polish–Soviet War. In 1920–1923 he studied at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, in the field of Polish studies. Przyboś worked as a teacher in Sokal (1923–1925), Chrzanów (1925–1927), and Cieszyn (1927–1939). In Cieszyn, he published his works in Zaranie Śląskie ('The Dawn of Silesia') (1929–1938). He also published in many other magazines before and after World War II.

In December 1939 Przyboś relocated to Lviv. In 1941 was he arrested by Gestapo, the Nazi German secret police. After World War II he became a member of the Polish Workers' Party, and later of the Polish United Workers' Party. In 1947–1951, he worked as a diplomat in Switzerland. Then he was director of the Jagiellonian Library in Kraków. After the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Przyboś left the Polish United Workers' Party.

Works

  • Śruby (1925)
  • Oburącz (1926)
  • Z ponad (also known as Sponad) (1930)
  • W głąb las (1932)
  • Równanie serca (1938)
  • Póki my żyjemy (1944)
  • Miejsce na ziemi (1945)
  • Czytając Mickiewicza (1950)
  • Rzut pionowy (1952) - poetry collection
  • Najmniej słów. Poezje. Materiały poetyckie. Objaśnienia (1955)
  • Linia i gwar, vol. 1-2 (1956)
  • Narzędzie ze światła (1958)
  • Więcej o manifest (1962)
  • Sens poetycki (1963)
  • Na znak (1965)
  • Kwiat nieznany (1968)

See also

References

  • Hierowski, Zdzisław (1947). 25 lat literatury na Śląsku 1920–1945. Katowice — Wrocław: Wydawnictwa Instytutu Śląskiego. OCLC 69489660.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Jurgała-Jurecka, Joanna (2009). Historie zwyczajne i nadzwyczajne, czyli znani literaci na Śląsku Cieszyńskim. Cieszyn: Biblioteka Miejska w Cieszynie. pp. 47–67. ISBN 978-83-915660-9-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>