K. J. Yesudas

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K. J. Yesudas
Padma Bhushan Dr. K. J. Yesudas
Native name കട്ടാശേരി ജോസഫ് യേശുദാസ്
Born Kattassery Joseph Yesudas
(1940-01-10) January 10, 1940 (age 82)
Fort Kochi, Cochin, Indian Empire
Other names
Alma mater Swathi Thirunal College of Music
  • Singer
  • Composer
Years active 1961–present
Home town Kochi, India
Spouse(s) Prabha (m. 1970)
Website drkjyesudas.com
Musical career

Kattassery Joseph Yesudas (born January 10, 1940) is an Indian Carnatic musician and filmi playback singer.

Yesudas sings Indian classical, devotional and cinematic songs. He has recorded more than 50,000 songs[not in citation given] in many languages including Malayalam, Tamil, Hindi, Kannada, Telugu, Bengali, Gujarati, Oriya, Marathi, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tulu, Malay, Russian, Arabic, Latin and English during a career spanning more than five decades.[1][2] He has performed in most Indian languages except Assamese, Konkani and Kashmiri.[3][4] He also composed a number of Malayalam film songs in the 1970s and 1980s. Yesudas is fondly called Gana Gandharvan (The Celestial Singer).[5][6]

Yesudas has won the National Award for the Best Male Playback Singer seven times (the most by any Indian singer), 5 Filmfare Awards and the State Award for the Best Playback Singer 43 times, which consists of awards by the state governments of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and West Bengal.[citation needed] He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1975 and the Padma Bhushan in 2002 by the Government of India for his contributions towards the arts.[7] In 2011 Yesudas was honoured with the CNN-IBN outstanding achievement award having recorded over 20,000 songs in a five-decade career.[8][9] In 2006, he sang 16 film songs in four South Indian languages on the same day at AVM Studio, Chennai.[10]He is famous for his devotional song Harivarasanam dedicated to Ayyappan.

Early life and background

K. J. Yesudas was born in Fort Kochi, in the erstwhile Kingdom of Cochin, in a Roman Catholic Latin Rite family to late Augustine Joseph and late Elizabeth. His father, who was a well-known Malayalam classical musician and stage actor, was his first guru. Yesudas was the eldest of five children, followed by three younger brothers and a younger sister. He started his academic music training at R.L.V. Music Academy, Thrippunithura. Later he studied at Swathi Thirunal College of Music, Thiruvananthapuram under the tutelage of the carnatic music maestro late Sh. K.R.Kumaraswamy Iyer and the late Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer but could not complete his studies due to financial constraints. For a brief period, he was with Sri Vechur Harihara Subramania Iyer, after which he took advanced training from Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar. In 2011 he completed his 50 years as a playback singer.

  • Completed the Ganabooshanam course at R.L.V. Music Academy, Thripunithura, Cochin
  • Studied at Sree Swathithirunal Music Academy, Trivandrum under the tutelage of the carnatic music maestro late Sh. K.R.Kumaraswamy Iyer (recipient of Sangeet Natak Akademi Award)
  • Trained under K. R. Kumaraswamy Iyer (former principal of the Music College, Kochi), Thripunithura Shri K.C Kalyanasundaram Master, Kunjuvelan Aasan (a disciple of Nadaswara Vidwan Rajaratnam Pillai), Augustine Joseph (his father), V. Dakshinamoorthy, Ramankutti Bagavathar, Sivaraman Nayar, Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer and Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar.

Playback singing career

Debut and early career: 1960s

Yesudas with poet and lyricist O. N. V. Kurup

The first song sung by Yesudas is Jaathi Bhedam Matha Dwesham (music: M B Sreenivasan) on 14 November 1961, which he usually sings on all the special occasions in front of the audience. But the first film song was 'Attention Penne Attention', which he sang with Santha P. Nair, a veteran singer of that time. Yesudas began his career in playback singing in the Malayalam movie Kaalpadukal (1962) [2] and Tamil, Telugu and Kannada movies in the early 1960s.

He got the first break in his music career with the hit Malayalam film named Bharya ( music by G. Devarajan and lyrics by Vayalar Ramavarma). In 1967, he sang hit songs in the composition of M.S.Baburaj for the film Udhyogastha directed by P.Venu. He sang in Tamil for Bommai first (music: S. Balachander), but the first released movie was Konjum Kumari (music: Veda).

The trio of Salil, Yesudas and Prem Nazir (the evergreen hero of Malayalam Cinema) took the Malayalam Cinema Industry of the 1970s by storm. It was generally agreed that Yesudas's voice was the most suited one for Prem Nazir.

In 1970 he was nominated to head the Kerala Sangeetha Nataka Academy and was the youngest person ever to occupy the post.[11]

Dr K J Yesudas in 1991 (More than 40,000 -still singing).Statistics say he has sung in all 22 Indian languages except Assamese and Kashmiri.He has also sung in other languages like Malaysian,Russian,Arabic,Latin and English.7 national awards for best singer - All India Record.43 state awards from all over India(23-kerala,8-Tamil Nadu,6-Andhra Pradesh,5-Karnataka,1-West Bengal) - All India Record.

On 9 December 1971, Yesudas missed a flight which later crashed on the way to Madurai. A Hawker Siddeley HS 748 near Chinnamanur was descending into Madurai in reduced visibility. It flew into high terrain about 50 mi (80 km) from the airport, killing the four crew members and 17 passengers.[12][13][14]

Bollywood entry: 1970s

By the 1970s Yesudas entered Bollywood. The first Hindi song he sang was for the movie Jai Jawan Jai Kissan (1971), but the first released movie was Chhoti Si Baat. He has sung Hindi songs for many leading actors in Hindi cinema including Amitabh Bachchan, Amol Palekar and Jeetendra. He has sung many evergreen Hindi film songs for music directors including Ravindra Jain, Bappi Lahiri, Khayyam, Rajkamal and Salil Chowdhury.

Yesudas' most popular Hindi songs are in the 1976 movie Chitchor, with music given by Ravindra Jain. The greatest tribute to Yesudas was paid by Ravindra Jain, in an interview wherein the blind music director confessed that if ever he happened to regain vision, the first person he would like to see would be Yesudas.

Bappi Lahiri said in an interview with Filmfare in 2012: 'Yesudas’ voice is touched by God. After Kishoreda, he was another singer who brought out the best in me. He is a yogi, a mystic who lives for music. He takes your tunes to another level. And he is note perfect, you can rely on him to deliver it right the first time. Working with him made me touch base with my melodious side. He is vastly under utilised in Hindi films. I wish Hindi film composers of today realise his genius and offer him assignments.” (ref: http://www.filmfare.com/interviews/king-of-ooh-la-la-land-262.html).

Prominence over the world

Yesudas has performed in many major cities around the world. In 1965, he was invited by the Soviet Union government to perform at music concerts in various cities in the USSR and also sang a Russian song over Radio Kazakhstan.[11] Yesudas became one of the senate members in the International Parliament for Safety and Peace.

On 14 November 1999, Yesudas was presented with an honorary award by UNESCO for "Outstanding Achievements in Music and Peace" at the "Music for Peace" event in Paris.a concert held to mark the dawn of the new millennium and whose attendees included artistes such as Lionel Richie, Ray Charles, Montserrat Caballé, and Zubin Mehta.[15]

In 1971, during the Indo-Pakistani War, Yesudas travelled all around Kerala with his musical troupe to raise funds for the Indian prime minister's National Defense Fund.

In 2001 he sang for album Ahimsa in Sanskrit, Latin and English and in a mix of styles including new-age and Carnatic.[16] In his music concerts in the Middle East he sings Arabic songs in the Carnatic style.[17] He frequently serves as a cultural ambassador for India through his performances abroad, promoting Indian music.

In 2009 Yesudas began a cross-country musical campaign against terrorism in Thiruvananthapuram, with the motto 'Music For Peace'.[18] Kavita Karkare, wife of Hemant Karkare, handed over the torch to Yesudas to mark the launch of the 'Shanthi Sangeetha Yatra'.[19]

Personal life

Yesudas is married to Prabha. They have three sons, Vinod, Vijay and Vishal. Their second son Vijay Yesudas is a musician who won the Kerala State Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer in 2007 and 2013. The family is currently settled in Chennai and Trivandrum. He also owns estates in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA and Flower Mound, Texas, USA for personal and business reasons.[20]

Role models

A statue of Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar sponsored by Yesudas at Chembai gramam (Kottayi village) in Palakkad; next to Bhagavatar's house.

Sree Narayana Guru’s great message, One religion and One God for all humanity", influenced young Yesudas in his dealings with his fellow men. He had his own heroes among the musicians too. Mohammed Rafi, Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar and Balamurali Krishna are the ones he admires the most.[21]


Yesudas has been visiting Kollur Mookambika temple, Kollur, Karnataka on his birthday to sing keerthans of Saraswati devi, the Goddess of knowledge, music and the arts. The music festival started on his 60th birthday in 2000. The nine-day music festival begins every January at Kollur Mookambika Temple. On Sunday, 10 January 2010, he celebrated his 70th birthday (Sapthathi) at Kollur Sri Mookambika Temple with 'Sangeetharchana' (classical devotional songs), along with 70 singers before goddess Mookambika. The Sangeetharchana included "Pancharatna Gayana" of Thyagaraja's poems. He also took part in the Vidyarambha function. All India Radio broadcast the special Sangeetharchana all over Kerala. Yesudas also has many songs devoted to Lord Ayyappa including the hit song "Harivarasanam".[22][23][24][25][26]

Yesudas believes that all religions teach the same lesson - the lesson of love. He actively participates in programmes against religious violence. He once said that he was fortunate to start his singing career singing a sloka which denotes communal harmony and unity. In 2002, during Marad massacare, he visited the place along with the veteran poetess Sugathakumari, and conducted classes against violence. He even practiced that in his own life by fixing marriages of his sons with Hindu women.

Music company

In 1980 Yesudas established the Tharangani Studio at Trivandrum. In 1992 the office and studio were moved to Chennai, Tamil Nadu and the company was incorporated in the US in 1998. Tharangni Studio and Tharangni Records became a recording center in Kerala which, for the first time, brought out audio cassettes of Malayalam film songs in stereo. The record company also had a voice mixing studio in Studio27, Chennai. The studio continues to produce and present events of Yesudas both for film and Indian classical music concerts throughout the world.[27]

Notable facts

  • Yesudas has the rare feat of performing the classical concert for 36 times in the 36-year-old Soorya Music festival organised by Soorya Krishnamoorthy. This is one among his concerts which is highly followed by serious musical lovers and often rated as the most popular among his concerts in India.[28]
  • After winning the Kerala State Award for Best Playback singer on numerous occasions, he asked that he be ruled out of contention so as to give his peers and newcomers a chance of winning the award. Despite his request, he was still given this award several times in the following years.
  • Harivarasanam, a devotional song musical version composed by G. Devarajan, recited before closing the temple at Sabarimala was sung by Yesudas. Though there have been many different renditions of this song by many different renowned singers, Sabarimala officially uses Yesudas' voice for Harivarasanam every day.[1]
  • Swaralaya Yesudas award is a prestigious award for music artists in recognition of their outstanding performance. The award is instituted jointly by Swaralaya, an organisation that promotes music and Kairali Channel, based in Trivandrum, Kerala. Awards have been given annually since 2000. Yesudas presents the awards at a Gandharva Sandhya every January.[29][30][31]
  • The song 'Shadjane paya' composed by Ravindra Jain for unreleased film Tansen was originally chosen to be sung by Mohammed Rafi. Due to the difficulty of the song, Rafi refused to sing the 13-minute song, which the legend felt would be difficult for him, indeed went further by saying he wouldn't be able to sing this song in this lifetime. Yesudas recorded the song having spent 5 days with Jain to master the track.
  • Of the Hindi studio album 'Sitaron Mein Tu Hi' (2000) composed by Lalit of Jatin-Lalit duo. Lalit has said that he had composed most of these songs in the 1970s, desiring Yesudas to have sung them at the time. However, Lalit insisted that these songs would never be recorded unless Yesudas agreed to sung them. Which he finally did in the year 2000.

Awards and honours

Yesudas has recorded over 50,000 songs[not in citation given] and has won scores of accolades including the coveted Padma Shri (1975),[32] Padma Bhushan (2002)[33] and seven National Awards for Best Playback Singer. He is the only singer who has been accorded the title Asthana Gayakan (official singer) of Kerala State.


As actor

Year Film Stars Director Role
1965 Anarkali[34] Prem Nazir Kunchacko Tansen
1965 Kavyamela Prem Nazir M. Krishnan Nair as himself
1966 Kayamkulam Kochunni Sathyan P. Bhaskaran as Khader
1973 Achaani Prem Nazir P. Bhaskaran as singer
1977 Nirakudam Kamalhassan A. Bhimsingh as singer
1977 Harshabashpam M. G. Soman P. Gopikumar as singer
1980 Saranam Ayyappa Jayabharathi as singer
1981 Pathira Sooryan Prem Nazir P K Pillai as saint
2002 Nandanam Prithviraj Ranjith as himself
2005 Boyy Friend Manikuttan Vinayan as himself


See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Music legend Yesudas turns 70". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 10 January 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "'I don't sing trendy music'". Rediff. Retrieved 6 September 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Those magical moments..." Chennai, India: The Hindu. 3 September 2002. Retrieved 19 August 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Life devoted to music". The Hindu. 1 February 2001. Retrieved 19 August 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Yesudas celebrated Birthday at Kollur". oneindia.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Vijay Yesudas weds Darsana". sify.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Padma Bhushan Awardees – Padma Awards – My India, My Pride". India.gov.in. Retrieved 9 September 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. http://www.indianoftheyear.com/media-announcementpr17.php. Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. http://www.radioandmusic.com/content/editorial/news/yesudas-receives-cnn-ibn-indian-year-award. Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "One for the records". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 1 December 2006. Retrieved 1 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 "CDR K J YESUDAS THE INDIAN PLAYBACK SINGING LEGEND'S RAGS TO RICHES". stateofkerala.in.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Manorama Online". ManoramaOnline.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/1971/Dec09/index.html
  14. "HWH 22 aircrash". hwh22.it.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "KJ Yesudas completes 50 glorious years as singer". Asianet india.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Ahimsa Album". Hinduonnet.com. 19 February 2001. Retrieved 9 September 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Vineet Pillai (15 November 2003). "Exclusive – Interview with Yesudas on 15th November 2003". Indien-netzwerk.de. Retrieved 1 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "Yesudas' Musical Campaign for peace". oneindia.com. 13 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Tributes paid to Hemant Karkare". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 1 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Ajay Gosh. "Dr. KJ Yesudas: Singer With A Golden Voice".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "'I do not sing trendy music': Yesudas". Rediff.com. 7 May 2001. Retrieved 1 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. https://web.archive.org/20140110101942/http://entertainment.oneindia.in/malayalam/news/2014/notable-facts-singer-kj-yesudas-on-74-th-happy-birthday-129334.html. Archived from the original on 10 January 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "Gandharva of songs : K.J Yesudas celebrates 70th birthday". Non Resident Kerala Associations. Retrieved 1 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  24. "Yesudas celebrated Birthday at Kollur". Oneindia Entertainment. 19 January 2009. Retrieved 1 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. PTI (10 January 2012). "Music legend Yesudas turns 72". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 1 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  27. "Dr. K. J. Yesudas". keralatourism.org. Retrieved 18 March 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. "Gaanagandharvan graces the Soorya festival for the 36th time". http://thiraseela.com. External link in |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. "Swaralaya awards presented". The Hindu. 20 January 2003. Retrieved 18 March 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. "Swaralaya award for Shankar Mahadevan". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 16 December 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  32. "Padma Shri Awardees". Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 27 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. "Padma Bhushan Awardees". Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 27 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. B. Vijayakumar (31 May 2010). "Anarkali (1966)". The Hindu. Retrieved 8 November 2011. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


External links