Karl H. Pribram

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Karl H. Pribram
Karl Pribram Kepler Museum Prague s.jpg
Karl Pribram in Kepler Museum, Prague, 2010.
Born (1919-02-25)February 25, 1919
Vienna, Austria
Died January 19, 2015(2015-01-19) (aged 95)
Virginia, United States
Fields Neuroscience
Alma mater University of Chicago (B.S., 1938)
University of Chicago (M.D., 1941)
Known for Holonomic brain theory
Influences Sir Charles Sherrington, Karl Lashley, Dennis Gabor
Spouse Katherine Neville

Karl H. Pribram (February 25, 1919 – January 19, 2015) was a professor at Georgetown University, in the United States, an emeritus professor of psychology and psychiatry at Stanford University and distinguished professor at Radford University. Board-certified as a neurosurgeon, Pribram did pioneering work on the definition of the limbic system, the relationship of the frontal cortex to the limbic system, the sensory-specific "association" cortex of the parietal and temporal lobes, and the classical motor cortex of the human brain. He worked with Karl Lashley at the Yerkes Primate Center of which he was to become director later. He was professor at Yale University for ten years and at Stanford University for thirty years.

To the general public, Pribram is best known for his development of the holonomic brain model of cognitive function and his contribution to ongoing neurological research into memory, emotion, motivation and consciousness. He was married to American best selling author Katherine Neville.

Holonomic model

Pribram's holonomic model of brain processing is described in his 1991 "Brain and Perception", which contains the extension of his work with David Bohm. It states that, in addition to the circuitry accomplished by the large fiber tracts in the brain, processing also occurs in webs of fine fiber branches (for instance, dendrites) that form webs, as well as in the dynamic electrical fields that surround these dendritic "trees". In addition, the processing occurring around these dendritic trees can influence that occurring in those trees of nearby neurons with which whose dendrites are entangled but not in direct contact. In this way, processing in the brain can occur in a non-localized manner. This type of processing is properly described by Dennis Gabor, the inventor of hologram, as quanta of information he called a "holon", an energy-based concept of information. These wavelets[clarification needed] are used in quantum holography, the basis of MRI, PET scans and other image processing procedures[citation needed].

Gabor wavelets are windowed Fourier transforms that convert complex spatial (and temporal) patterns into component waves whose amplitudes at their intersections become reinforced or diminished[jargon]. Fourier processes are the basis of holography. Holograms can correlate and store a huge amount of information - and have the advantage that the inverse transform returns the results of correlation into the spatial and temporal patterns that guide us in navigating our universe.

David Bohm had suggested that were we to view the cosmos without the lenses that outfit our telescopes, the universe would appear to us as a hologram. Pribram extended this insight by noting that were we deprived of the lenses of our eyes and the lens-like processes of our other sensory receptors, we would be immersed in holographic experiences.

Other contributions

In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Pribram's neurobehavioral experiments established the composition of the limbic system and the executive functions of the prefrontal cortex. Pribram also discovered the sensory specific systems of the association cortex, and showed that these systems operate to organize the choices we make among sensory stimuli, not the sensing of the stimuli themselves.

His account of how his discoveries were made is in his book The Form Within which was published in 2013. It includes stories of his encounters with leading scientists and scholars of the day, and amusing stories like how he lost part of a finger when his hand was slammed down by the chimpanzee Washoe at the University of Oklahoma.

In 1999, he was the inaugural winner of the Dagmar and Václav Havel Award for uniting the sciences and the humanities. He died in 2015 in Virginia, aged 95.[1]

Bibliography

Miller, George (1960). Plans and the structure of behavior. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN 0-03-010075-5. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

DeVore, Steven; Pribram, Karl (1985) The Neuropsychology of Achievement. Pleasanton, CA, SyberVision Systems. ASIN: B000M6COW4

  • [1]Pribram, Karl H. (1969). Brain and behaviour. Hammondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-080521-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl (1971). Languages of the brain; experimental paradoxes and principles in neuropsychology. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0-13-522730-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • [2][3]Pribram, Karl; Gill, Morton M. (1976). Freud's "Project" re-assessed: preface to contemporary cognitive theory and neuropsychology. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-02569-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl (1991). Brain and perception: holonomy and structure in figural processing. Hillsdale, N. J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 0-89859-995-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Globus, Gordon G.; Pribram, Karl H.; Vitiello, Giuseppe (2004-09-30). Brain And Being: At The Boundary Between Science, Philosophy, Language, And Arts (Advances in Consciousness Research, 58). John Benjamins Publishing Co. ISBN 1-58811-550-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl (ed.) (1969). On the biology of learning. New York: Harcourt Brace & World. ISBN 0-15-567520-6.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl, & Broadbent, Donald (eds.) (1970). Biology of memory. New York: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-564350-0.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, K. H., & Luria, A. R. (eds.) (1973). Psychophysiology of the frontal lobes. New York: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-564340-3.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl, & Isaacson, Robert L. (eds.) (1975). The Hippocampus. New York: Plenum Press. ISBN 0-306-37535-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl (ed.) (1993). Rethinking neural networks: quantum fields and biological data. Hillsdale, N. J.: Erlbaum. ISBN 0-8058-1466-3.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl (ed.) (1994). Origins: brain and self organization. Hillsdale, N. J.: Lawrence Erlbaum. ISBN 0-8058-1786-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • King, Joseph, & Pribram, Karl (eds.) (1995). Scale in conscious experience: Is the brain too important to be left to the specialists to study?. Mahwah, N. J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 0-8058-2178-3.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl, & King, Joseph (eds.) (1996). Learning as self-organization. Mahwah, N. J.: L. Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 0-8058-2586-X.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl (ed.) (1998). Brain and values: is a biological science of values possible. Mahwah, N. J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 0-8058-3154-1.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl (2004). "Brain and Mathematics". Pari Center for New Learning. Retrieved 2007-10-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "Like Bohm, Karl Pribram sees the holographic nature of reality". The Ground of Faith. October 2003. Retrieved 2007-10-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Mishlove, Jeffrey (1998). "The Holographic Brain with Karl Pribram, MA; Ph.D." TWM.co.nz. Retrieved 2007-10-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pribram, Karl (2013). The Form Within. Prospecta Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

References

External links

"The Neuropsychology of Achievement," Karl H. Pribram & Steven A. DeVore