Kiev-class aircraft carrier
|Aircraft carrier Novorossiysk, USSR, 1986
Novorossiysk in 1986
|Builders:||Chernomorsky Shipyard 444|
|Preceded by:||Moskva-class helicopter carrier|
|Displacement:||42,000–45,000 metric tons full load|
|Length:||273 m (896 ft)|
|Draught:||10 m (33 ft)|
|Propulsion:||8 turbopressurized boilers, 4 steam turbines (200,000 shp), four shafts|
|Speed:||32 kn (59 km/h; 37 mph)|
|Complement:||1,200 to 1,600|
|Aviation facilities:||Abbreviated angled aft flight deck|
First laid down in 1970 the Kiev class was partially based on a design for a full-deck carrier proposed in Project Orel. Originally the Soviet Navy wanted a supercarrier similar to the American Kitty Hawk-class. However, the smaller Kiev class design was chosen because it was considered to be more cost effective.
Unlike American or British carriers, the Kiev class is a combination of a cruiser and a carrier. In the Soviet Navy this class of ships was specifically designated as a heavy aviation cruiser rather than just an aircraft carrier. Although the ships were designed with a large island superstructure to starboard, with an angled flight deck2/3rds of the length of the total deck, and the foredeck was taken up with the heavy surface-to-air and surface-to-surface missile armament. The intended mission of the Kiev class was support for strategic missile submarines, other surface ships and naval aviation; it was capable of engaging in anti-aircraft, anti-submarine and surface warfare.
A total of four Kiev class carriers were built and commissioned, serving in the Soviet and then Russian Navy. The first three were decommissioned, of which, one was scrapped and two were sold as recreational pieces[clarification needed] to China. The fourth ship, Admiral Gorshkov, was sold to the Indian Navy in 2004, and after years of extensive modifications and refurbishment, is currently in active service.
- Designer: Nevskoye Planning and Design Bureau
- Builder: Nikolayev South (formerly Chernomorsky Shipyard 444)
- Power Plant: 8 turbopressurized boilers, 4 steam turbines (200,000 shp), four shafts
- Length: 273 metres (896 ft) overall (283 metres (928 ft) for Baku subgroup)
- Flight Deck Width: 53 metres (174 ft)
- Beam: 32.6 metres (107 ft)
- Displacement: 43,000–45,500 metric tons full load
- Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
- Aircraft: 26–30
- Crew: 1,200–1,600 (including air wing)
- Kiev and Minsk:
- Date Deployed: 1975 (Kiev)
|Kiev||City of Kiev||Soviet Shipyard No. 444, Mykolaiv||21 July 1970||26 December 1972||28 December 1975||Sold to commercial interest, 1996|
|Minsk||City of Minsk||28 December 1972||30 September 1975||27 September 1978||Sold to commercial interest, 1995|
|Novorossiysk||City of Novorossiysk||30 September 1975||26 December 1978||14 September 1982||Broken up at Pohang, 1997|
|Admiral Flota Sovietskogo Soyuza Sergey Georgiyevich Gorshkov||Soviet Shipyard No. 444, Mykolaiv||17 February 1978||1 April 1982||11 December 1987||Sold to Indian Navy for STOBAR conversion, 20 January 2004.
Commissioned as INS Vikramaditya, 16 November 2013.
- Flight deck cruiser
- List of ships of the Soviet Navy
- List of aircraft carriers of Russia and the Soviet Union
- List of ships of Russia by project number
- Jordan,John, 'Soviet Warships 1945 to Present', Revised & Expanded Edition, ISBN 1-85409-117-4, Published by Arms & Armour Press (London, UK), 1992
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