Kingfisher County, Oklahoma

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Kingfisher County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Kingfisher County
Location in the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded May 2, 1890
Seat Kingfisher
Largest city Piedmont
 • Total 906 sq mi (2,347 km2)
 • Land 898 sq mi (2,326 km2)
 • Water 7.9 sq mi (20 km2), 0.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 15,532
 • Density 17/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Kingfisher County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,034.[1] Its county seat is Kingfisher.[2] The county was formed in 1890 and named Kingfisher by a vote of residents.

The land was given to the Creek Nation by the federal government, but was taken back after the American Civil War.


Limited archaeological surveys may have discovered evidence of pre-contact peoples, including Paleo-Indian and Archaic (6000 BC - 1 AD) groups that used the area for hunting and foraging. The historic Osage, Cheyenne, and Comanche tribes traversed the prairie grasslands of this area.

Before the county's creation, The Chisholm Trail's many routes crossed the area. A stage road which paralleled the trail had important stops at Dover Station, King Fisher Station and Baker Station.

The area was given to the Creek Nation by the federal government after their forced removal from Georgia. At the end of the American Civil War, the Creeks were forced to cede the land back to the federal government for siding with the Confederacy. It became part of the Unassigned Lands, and the area was opened to non-Indian settlement in the land run on April 22, 1889.[3] Several towns, including Kingfisher, Oklahoma developed soon after the land run.[3]

Originally this area was called County 5, when the Organic Act of May 2, 1890 created Oklahoma Territory.[4] At an August 5, 1890 election, the voters of County 5 overwhelmingly voted for the name "Kingfisher" over "Hennessey" and "Harrison". The origin of the name is unclear. The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture mentions three different possibilities. The first is that the name memorialized a local rancher, David King Fisher. The second version is that King and Fisher were two different settlers, whose names were combined for the county and town. The third explanation was that the name was for a rancher named John Fisher and for whom Uncle Johns Creek was named.[4]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 906 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 898 square miles (2,330 km2) is land and 7.9 square miles (20 km2) (0.9%) is water.[5] The principal waterway is the Cimarron River, which runs from northwest to east through the county.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 18,825
1920 15,671 −16.8%
1930 15,960 1.8%
1940 15,617 −2.1%
1950 12,860 −17.7%
1960 10,635 −17.3%
1970 12,857 20.9%
1980 14,187 10.3%
1990 13,212 −6.9%
2000 13,926 5.4%
2010 15,034 8.0%
Est. 2014 15,532 [6] 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2014[1]
Age pyramid for Kingfisher County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 13,926 people, 5,247 households, and 3,893 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 5,879 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.09% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 3.02% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.34% from other races, and 2.74% from two or more races. 6.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,247 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,676, and the median income for a family was $43,242. Males had a median income of $30,918 versus $19,819 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,167. About 8.50% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.30% of those under age 18 and 6.50% of those age 65 or over.


Agriculture has been the mainstay of the county since the area was opened for settlement in 1899. Wheat and rye have been the most important crops. Oil and gas exploration became important to the county economy during the 1920s, especially in that part of the county around Hennessey, Cashion and Dover. Roxana was a boomtown during that period, but quickly declined its population peaked at one thousand people. It is now considered a ghost town.


Kingfisher Academy, affiliated with the Congregational Church, was established in Kingfisher well before statehood. It remained open between 1890 and 1894. In 1895, the Association of Congregational Churches of Oklahoma Territory chartered Kingfisher College, and opened it for instruction on September 2, 1895.[12]


Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[13]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 2,492 30.75%
  Republican 5,059 62.42%
  Unaffiliated 554 6.83%
Total 8,105 100%
Presidential election results[14]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 84.19% 5,372 15.81% 1,009
2004 84.64% 5,630 15.36% 1,022
2000 77.49% 4,693 21.53% 1,304


NRHP sites

The following sites in Kingfisher County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:


  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oklahoma Territory's First Land Run (accessed May 15, 2013)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Everett, Dianna. "Kingfisher County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Carolyn G. Hanneman, "Kingfisher College." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
  14. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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