Kirov Plant

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Kirov Plant
Machine-building plant
Industry Mechanical engineering
Founded February 28, 1801 (1801-02-28)
Founder Under the decree of emperor Paul I
Headquarters Saint Petersburg, Russia
Area served
Coast Gulf of Finland
Key people
General director George Semenenko
Products Tractors, escalators etc

The Kirov Plant, Kirov Factory or Leningrad Kirov Plant (LKZ) (Russian: Кировский Завод, tr. Kirovskiy Zavod) is a major Russian machine-building manufacturing plant in St. Petersburg, Russia. It was established in 1789, then moved to its present site in 1801 as a foundry for cannonballs.

Putilov Company

In 1868 it was purchased by Nikolay Putilov (other languages) and named the Putilov Company; it initially produced rolling stock for railways. It boomed during the industrialization of the 1890s, with the work force quadrupling in a decade, reaching 12,400 in 1900. The factory traditionally produced goods for the Russian government and railway products accounted for more than half of its total output. Starting in 1900 it also produced artillery, eventually becoming a major supplier of it to the Imperial Russian Army alongside the state arsenals. By 1917 it grew into a giant enterprise that was by far the largest in the city of St. Petersburg.

Political unrest

In February 1917 strikes at the factory contributed to setting in motion the chain of events which led to the February Revolution.

Red Putilovite Plant

After the October Revolution it was renamed Red Putilovite Plant (zavod Krasny Putilovets), famous for its manufacture of the first Soviet tractors, Fordzon-Putilovets, based on the Fordson tractor. The Putilov Plant was famous because of its revolutionary traditions. In the wake of Sergey Kirov's 1934 assassination, the plant was renamed Kirov Factory No. 100.


In World War II, the T-34 tank was manufactured here. Starting around 2004 the Dartz T-98 Kombat luxury armored vehicle, somewhat reminiscent of the AM General Hummer, has been constructed at the Kirov site.

Factory No. 185 (S.M. Kirov)

The Kirov Plant is sometimes confused with another Leningrad heavy weapons manufactory, Factory No. 185 (S.M. Kirov).

Picture gallery

See also


  • Peter Gatrell (1994), Government, Industry, and Rearmament in Russia, 1900-1914: The Last Argument of Tsarism, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-46619-9.
  • Workers Unrest and the Bolshevik Response in 1919 written by Vladimir Brovkin in Slavic Review, Volume 49, Issue 3, (Autumn 1990) page 358-361

External links

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