Kotlin-class destroyer

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SAM Kotlin class destroyer Vozbuzhdenyy.
Kotlin-class destroyer Vozbuzhdenyy in January 1981
Class overview
Name: Kotlin class
Preceded by: Neustrashimy class
Succeeded by: Kildin class
Completed: 27
Active: 0
Retired: 27
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
  • 2,662 tonnes (2,620 long tons; 2,934 short tons) (standard),
  • 3,230 t (3,180 long tons; 3,560 short tons) (full load)
Length: 126.1 m (414 ft)
Beam: 12.7 m (42 ft)
Draught: 4.2 m (14 ft)
  • 2 × shaft geared steam turbines,
  • 4 boilers, 72,000 hp (54 MW)
Speed: 38 knots (70 km/h; 44 mph)
Complement: 284
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar: Fut -N (air search), Ryf (surface)
  • Sonar: Pegas
  • 4 × 130 mm (5.1 in) guns (2×2)
  • 16 × 45 mm (1.8 in) (4×4)
  • 10 × 533 mm (20 in) torpedo tubes (2×5)
  • 6 depth charge throwers (later replaced by ASW mortars)
  • 50 × mines

Kotlin-class destroyers were Cold War era ships built for the Soviet Navy. The Russian name for this class was Project 56 Spokoinyy (Спокойный, "tranquil"). 27 ships were built between 1955 and 1958; they were all decommissioned in the late 1980s. The Kildin class is based on the design of the Kotlins. The Chinese Luda class which is based on the Soviet Neustrashimy class, also borrows some design concepts from the Kotlin class.[clarification needed]


This design was a smaller version of the Neustrashimy-class destroyer which was seen as being too large and expensive for economic series production, as well as too slow. Detailed design changes eliminated some of the problems seen during trials of Neustrashimy. A production run of 100 ships was planned but this was curtailed because of the advent of the guided missile. 32 were ordered, but four ships were completed as the Kildin class (Project 56E/EM), the last vessel was canceled.

11 ships (Project 56PLO, Kotlin Mod.) were modified for enhanced ASW capabilities by adding rocket depth charge launchers.

In 1962, the Soviet Navy installed the navalized version of the S-125 Neva, the SA-N-1 'Goa', to a surface-to-air missile Kotlin-class destroyer, Bravyi (also spelled Bravyy) for testing. The system used the 4K90 (V-600) missile that could engage targets at distances from 4–15 km (0–10 mi) and altitudes of 100–10,000 m (300–32,800 ft). Fire control and guidance was provided by 4R90 Yatagan radar. The system could track only one target at a time. The missiles were loaded on the dual-arm ZIF-101 launcher, with under-deck magazine storage for 16 more.

The Soviet navy would eventually retrofit seven Kotlin-class ships to carry SAMs; these ships were known to NATO as the Kotlin SAM class (Project 56A). One more was modified and sold to Poland (Project 56AE, being the only Project 56 destroyer exported). Later versions of the SAM system, such as the Volna-M (SA-N-1B), the Volna-P, and Volna-N provided greater missile range and capability.


Ship Russian Builder Launched Commissioned Modernisation Decommissioned
Spokoinyy Спокойный - "Peaceful" Zhdanov, Leningrad 28 November 1953 27 June 1956 none 19 April 1990
Svetlyy Светлый - "Bright" (or "Light") 27 October 1953 17 September 1955 none 25 April 1989
Speshnyy Спешный - "Rapid" none 25 April 1989
Skromnyy Скромный - "Modest" SAM (56A) 25 April 1989
Svedushchiy Сведущий - "Knowledgeable" SAM (56A)
Smyshlenyy Смышленый - "Sharp (quickwitted)" ASW (56PLO)
Skrytnyy Скрытный - "Secretive" none
Soznatelnyy Сознательный - "Aware" SAM (56A)
Spravedlivyy Справедливый - "Just" SAM (56AE) Transferred to the Polish navy as ORP Warszawa in 1970
Nesokrushimyy Несокрушимый - "Indestructible" SAM (56A)
Nakhodchivyy Находчивый - "Resourceful" SAM (56A)
Nastoychivyy Настойчивый - "Persistent" SAM (56A)
Byvalvyy Бывалый - "Experienced" Nikolayev ASW (56PLO)
Bravyy Бравый - "Brave" SAM (56K)
Besslednyy Бесследный - "Untraceable" ASW (56PLO)
Burlivyy Бурливый - "Turbulent" or "Tempestuous" ASW (56PLO)
Blagorodnyy Благородный - "Noble" ASW (56PLO)
Blestyashchyy Блестящий - "Brilliant" ASW (56PLO)
Plammeny Пламенный - "Fiery" or "Ardent" ASW (56PLO)
Naporystyy Напористый - "Forceful" ASW (56PLO)
Vyzyvayushchiy Вызывающий - "Challenging" Komsomolsk-na-Amure ASW (56PLO)
Veskiy Веский - "Convincing" none
Vdokhnovenyy Вдохновенный - "Inspiring" ASW (56PLO)
Vozmuschenyy Возмущенный - "Indignant" ASW (56PLO)
Vozbuzhdenyy Возбужденный - "Excited" SAM (56A)
Vliyatelnyy Влиятельный - "Influential" none 17 July 1988
Vyderzhannyy Выдержанный - "Consistent" 24 June 1957 10 December 1957 none 24 April 1992
  • Bravyy - was the Kotlin SAM prototype

The ships were scrapped between 1987 and 1990.

See also


  • Gardiner, Robert (ed.). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. OCLC 34284130.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław. Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links