Krasnokholmsky District

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Krasnokholmsky District
Краснохолмский район (Russian)
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Location of Krasnokholmsky District in Tver Oblast
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Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2013)
Administrative center town of Krasny Kholm[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 3
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 206
Municipal structure (as of May 2013)
Municipally incorporated as Krasnokholmsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 3
Statistics
Area 1,495 km2 (577 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 11,835 inhabitants[6]
• Urban 47.4%
• Rural 52.6%
Density 7.92/km2 (20.5/sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[8]
Official website
Krasnokholmsky District on WikiCommons

Krasnokholmsky District (Russian: Краснохо́лмский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Vesyegonsky District in the north, Breytovsky District of Yaroslavl Oblast in the northeast, Nekouzsky District, also of Yaroslavl Oblast, in the southeast, Sonkovsky District in the south, Bezhetsky District in the southwest, and with Molokovsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 1,495 square kilometers (577 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the town of Krasny Kholm.[1] Population: 11,835 (2010 Census);[6] 14,736 (2002 Census);[9] 18,813 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Krasny Kholm accounts for 47.4% of the district's total population.[6]

Geography

The whole of the district belongs to the basin of the Rybinsk Reservoir. The rivers in the west of the district drain into the Mogocha, which joins the Melecha outside of the district to form the Osen, a major right tributary of the Mologa. The source of the Mogocha is located within the district. The rivers in the east of the district drain into the Rybinsk Reservoir and its tributaries, including the Sit. Much of the district's territory is covered by forests.

History

Krasny Kholm was first mentioned in the beginning of the 16th century as Spas na Kholmu. At the time, the area already belonged to the Grand Duchy of Moscow. During the Time of Troubles, it was badly damaged by Polish troops.[11]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the territory was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate), but in 1727 it was transferred to Moscow Governorate. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates, and in 1776, Krasnokholmsky Uyezd was established as a part of Tver Viceroyalty. Krasny Kholm was granted town status. In 1796, the viceroyalty was transformed into Tver Governorate and Krasnokholmsky Uyezd was abolished, the territory was transferred to Bezhetsky Uyezd. In 1803, Vesyegonsky Uyezd was re-established and Krasny Kholm with the surrounding territory was included into Vesyegonsky Uyezd. On March 10, 1918, Krasnokholmsky Uyezd was re-established.[12] On April 25, 1921, Krasnokholmsky Uyezd was transferred to newly established Rybinsk Governorate. On February 15, 1923, Rybinsk Governorate was abolished and the uyezd was transferred back to Tver Governorate. On March 3, 1924, Krasnokholmsky Uyezd was abolished and split between Bezhetsky and Vesyegonsky Uyezds.[13]

On July 12, 1929, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Krasnokholmsky District, with the administrative center in the town of Krasny Kholm, was established within Bezhetsk Okrug of Moscow Oblast. It was established on the territories which previously belonged to Bezhetsky and Vesyegonsky Uyezds. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935, Kalinin Oblast was established and Krasnokholmsky District was transferred to it.[13] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

On March 5, 1935, Ovinishchensky District with the administrative center in the selo of Kesma was established on the territories which previously belonged to Vesyegonsky and Krasnokholmsky Districts. On July 4, 1956, the district was abolished and split between Vesyegonsky and Krasnokholmsky Districts.[13][14]

Economy

Industry

The main industrial enterprise in the district is Krasny Kholm Electromechanical Plant. There are enterprises of timber, textile, and food industries as well.[15]

Agriculture

The main agricultural specializations in the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, as well as vegetables and potato growing.

Transportation

File:Ot-tver2005pl 12.jpg
Krasny Kholm railway station

A railway connecting Moscow and Mga via Sonkovo and Pestovo crosses the district from south to north. The main railway station is in Krasny Kholm.

Krasny Kholm is connected by roads with Ustyuzhna via Vesyegonsk, with Tver via Bezhetsk, and with Sandovo via Molokovo. There are also local roads. There is bus traffic originating from Krasny Kholm.

Culture and recreation

File:Krasnholm2.jpg
Antoniyev Krasnokholmsky Monastery in the beginning of the 20th century

The district contains fifteen cultural heritage monuments of federal significance (thirteen of them in Krasny Kholm) and additionally sixty-two objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance (forty of them in Krasny Kholm). The federal monuments include the Dormition Church in the selo of Rachevo, the Nativity Church in the village of Rychmanovo, and the buildings of the Antoniyev Krasnokholmsky Monastery in Krasny Kholm.[16]

Krasnokholmsky District Museum, located in Krasny Holm, was established in 1964. It has expositions on local history.[17]

References

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 232», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 232, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  2. Law #34-ZO stipulates that the borders of the administrative divisions of the district match those of the municipal formations the corresponding municipal district is subdivided into. Law #32-ZO contains the list of the municipal formations of Krasnokholmsky Municipal District. The counts of inhabited localities are per OKATO.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Law #4-ZO
  4. Law #32-ZO
  5. 5.0 5.1 Краснохолмский район Тверской области (in Russian). Администрация Краснохолмского района. Retrieved August 9, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1". Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. История Краснохолмского района Тверской области (in Russian). Администрация Краснохолмского района. Retrieved August 9, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Краснохолмский уезд (in Russian). Энциклопедический справочник "Тверская Область". Retrieved August 9, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved August 9, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Кондрашов, А. (August 9, 2013). "8. «Колхозная правда»". Весьегонская жизнь (in Russian). Vesyegonsk. 2013 (9).CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Промышленность (in Russian). Администрация Краснохолмского района. Retrieved August 1, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved August 9, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Краснохолмский краеведческий музей (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved July 26, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Sources

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №34-ЗО от 17 апреля 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области», в ред. Закона №66-ЗО от 1 октября 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 18 Закона Тверской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №17 (специальный выпуск), 19 апреля 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #34-ZO of April 17, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast, as amended by the Law #66-ZO of October 1, 2014 On Amending Article 18 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Template:RussiaAdmMunRef/tve/munlist0
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №32-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Краснохолмский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №33-ЗО от 30 мая 2013 г. «О представительных органах и главах вновь образованных муниципальных образований Тверской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Тверской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #32-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Krasnokholmsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #33-ZO of May 30, 2013 On the Representative Bodies and Heads of Newly Established Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast an on Amending Various Laws of Tver Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).