Labialized palatal approximant

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Labialized palatal approximant
IPA number 171
Entity (decimal) ɥ
Unicode (hex) U+0265
Kirshenbaum j<rnd>
Braille ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)

The labialized palatal approximant, also called the labial–palatal or labio-palatal approximant, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. It has two constrictions in the vocal tract: with the tongue on the palate, and rounded at the lips. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɥ⟩, a rotated lowercase letter ⟨h⟩, or occasionally ⟨⟩, since it is a labialized [j].

The labialized palatal approximant is the semivocalic equivalent of the close front rounded vowel [y]. The two are almost identical featurally. They alternate with each other in certain languages, such as French, and in the diphthongs of some languages, ⟨ɥ⟩ and ⟨⟩ with the non-syllabic diacritic are used in different transcription systems to represent the same sound.


Features of the labial-palatal approximant:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz ауаҩы [awaˈɥə] 'human' See Abkhaz phonology
Chinese Mandarin /y [ɥœ˥˩] 'moon' See Mandarin phonology
French nuit About this sound [nɥi]  'night' Merges with /w/ or /y/ in Belgian French. See French phonology
Korean /gwi [kɥi] 'ear' See Korean phonology
Swedish Central Standard[1] yla [ˈyɥlä] 'howl' Protruded.[1] [yɥ] is a common phonetic realization of /yː/. See Swedish phonology
Xumi Lower[2] [Rdʑɥɛ] 'fang' Allophone of /w/ when preceded by an (alveolo-)palatal initial and/or followed by one of the front vowels /i, e, ɛ/ (in Upper Xumi also /ĩ/).[2][3]
Upper[3] [Rdɥe] 'to ask'

See also



de:Stimmhafter labiopalataler Approximant