Lada Kalina

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The Lada Kalina (Russian: Ла́да Кали́на) is a supermini car produced by the Russian manufacturer Lada since 2004. The name Kalina comes from the Russian name for a type of viburnum. It is also marketed as the Lada 117/119 in Finland.

Overview

First generation

1st Generation
File:Lada Kalina 1118 (2).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Lada
Also called Lada 1117 (wagon)
Lada 1118 (sedan)
Lada 1119 (hatchback)
Lada Kalina
Production 2004–2013
Assembly Bucharest, Romania (Dunarea)
Tolyatti, Russia (AvtoVAZ)
Body and chassis
Class Supermini (B)
Body style 5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon
4-door sedan
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L 16-valve I4 (petrol)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,470 mm (97.2 in)
Length 3,850 mm (151.6 in) (hatchback)
4,050 mm (159.4 in) (sedan & wagon)
Width 1,670 mm (65.7 in)
Height 1,500 mm (59.1 in)
Curb weight 1,080 kg (2,381 lb)

Production began with a four-door sedan in 2005, a five-door hatchback being released in 2006 and a station wagon in 2007. The hot-dip galvanized steel with enhanced corrosion resistance used in the production of this car was specially developed by a number of Russian steel producers.[1]

The Kalina is exported to most Western European markets with a price of about €7,000–8,000. It offers driver and passenger airbags, ABS, electric power steering, air conditioning and rear seats that can be folded so that a horizontal platform is formed.

There are three inline-four gasoline engine options, ranging from 81 to 98 hp (60 to 72 kW): a 1.4-litre 16-valve (91 hp; 67 kW), a 1.6-litre 8-valve (81 hp; 60 kW) and a 1.6-litre 16-valve (98 hp; 72 kW).

Its trade name is Kalina in most countries, but in Finland, where kalina means rattle or clatter, the car is marketed as the Lada 119. Its main competitors are cars like the Dacia Logan and Hyundai Accent.

A sportier version, the Kalina GS Sport, is also produced and there has been a Super 1600 version, revealed as a concept car, that uses a turbocharged 1.6 petrol engine derived from the naturally aspirated standard models.

A Lada Kalina was used as the "Reasonably-Priced Car" in the Top Gear Russia television series. It was the fourth most popular car in Russia in 2009, debuting with 60,746 sales nationally,[2] and ranked first in 2012.[3]

Second generation

2nd Generation
File:Lada Kalina II (VAZ-2192) front.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Lada
Also called Lada 2192 (hatchback)
Lada 2194 (wagon)
Lada Kalina
Production 2013–present
Assembly Tolyatti, Russia (AvtoVAZ)
Body and chassis
Class Supermini (B)
Body style 5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Datsun mi-DO
Lada Granta
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L 16-valve I4 (petrol)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,476 mm (97.5 in)
Length 3,893 mm (153.3 in) (hatchback)
4,084 mm (160.8 in) (wagon)
Width 1,670 mm (65.7 in)
Height 1,500 mm (59.1 in)–1,560 mm (61.4 in)
Curb weight cross & wagon: 1,125 kg (2,480 lb)–1,160 kg (2,557 lb)
Sport: 1,626 kg (3,585 lb)

The second generation of the car was revealed at the 2012 Moscow International Automobile Salon. It is basically a facelifted first generation, albeit with a slightly extended wheelbase and length, 13- or 14-inch wheel discs, electronic throttle control[4] and now produced only in hatchback and wagon form.[5] All interior controls are now in English only, just like in the recently introduced Lux models of the Lada Granta. The Kalina was used as the basis for the Japanese Datsun mi-DO, which is produced specifically for the Russian market.

It is powered by a range of two 1.6-litre petrol engines, with 8 and 16-valve respectively, developing 86 to 105 horsepower (64 to 78 kilowatts) and 140 to 145 N·m (14 to 15 m·kgf) of torque.[5]

The hatchback entered production in May 2013,[6] followed by the station wagon later in September.[7] At the time, AvtoVAZ was expressing hope to enter the US and Canada which would have been their first vehicle sales in the North American market since 1991.[8]

Lada Kalina Cross wagon debuted in 2014.[9] The car differs with increased 20 mm road clearance, the altered gear ratios in transmission and the plastic body kit.

References

  1. "The body of the Kalina car".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "The most popular cars in Russia in 2009".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Ranking of the best-selling cars in Russia is still led by the Lada Kalina".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Autonews".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 "ОАО "АВТОВАЗ". Официальный сайт". Lada.ru. Retrieved 2 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Prices for New Generation Lada Kalina Start at $10,500". Wroom.ru. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Lada Kalina Station Wagons Now Assembled in Tolyatti". Wroom.ru. 20 September 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Russia's Lada unveils Kalina hatchback". Ronan Glon. 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-06-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "First Lada Kalina Cross estates was made at AvtoVAZ". Wroom.ru. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links