Langston, Oklahoma

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Langston, Oklahoma
Location of Langston, Oklahoma
Location of Langston, Oklahoma
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Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Logan
 • Total 1.9 sq mi (4.8 km2)
 • Land 1.9 sq mi (4.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 958 ft (292 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,724
 • Density 907.4/sq mi (359.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73050
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-41550[1]
GNIS feature ID 1094506[2]

Langston is a town in Logan County, Oklahoma, United States, and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,724 at the 2010 census, an increase of 3.2 percent from 1,670 at the 2000 census.[3] Langston is home to Langston University, the only historically black college in Oklahoma.


Langston was founded on April 22, 1890 by Edward P. McCabe, an African-American political figure from Kansas. McCabe helped lead a migration of black settlers from southern U.S. states who hoped to escape discrimination by creating a majority-black state in what was then the Territory of Oklahoma.[lower-alpha 1] He named the town for John Mercer Langston, a black member of the 51st United States Congress from Virginia.[4][lower-alpha 2] McCabe used traveling salesmen and African-American newspapers to advertise lots for sale in Langston, and the deeds which accompanied the sale of these lots stipulated that their re-sale could only be to other African-Americans.[5]

By 1891, Langston had a population of 200, which included a preacher, doctor, and schoolteacher.[5] By 1892, the town had 25 businesses, with a bank and a public school. A Roman Catholic mission was established in 1893 by Rev. Bishop Theophile Meerschaert and the Benedictine Sisters. The town had a telephone system in service in 1895. In 1897, the Oklahoma Territorial Legislature passed a law creating the Colored Agricultural and Normal University at Langston (which later became Langston University).[4]


Langston is 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Guthrie, the Logan County seat, on State Highway 33.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 251
1910 339 35.1%
1920 259 −23.6%
1930 351 35.5%
1940 514 46.4%
1950 685 33.3%
1960 136 −80.1%
1970 486 257.4%
1980 443 −8.8%
1990 1,471 232.1%
2000 1,670 13.5%
2010 1,724 3.2%
Est. 2014 1,811 [6] 5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,670 people, 199 households, and 92 families residing in the town. The population density was 896.5 people per square mile (346.7/km²). There were 246 housing units at an average density of 132.1 per square mile (51.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 3.29% White, 93.29% African American, 1.26% Native American, 0.24% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population.

There were 199 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 16.1% were married couples living together, 27.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.3% were non-families. 37.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the town the population was spread out with 7.6% under the age of 18, 75.3% from 18 to 24, 8.4% from 25 to 44, 4.9% from 45 to 64, and 3.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $14,722, and the median income for a family was $26,042. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $20,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,602. About 23.5% of families and 33.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.1% of those under age 18 and 40.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable native

  • Joseph D. Elsberry, U.S. Air Force captain with the Tuskegee Airmen, who shot down three German aircraft in one day.[8]

See also


  1. McCabe founded of the Langston City Herald newspaper in October 1890.[4]
  2. The townsite was actually owned by a white man, Charles Robbins, who surveyed and filed a plat in 1891. The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture asserts that the two men collaborated in promoting the town.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. CensusViewer: Population of the City of Langston, Oklahoma
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Larry O'Dell, "Langston," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed May 30, 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Rummel, Jack (2003). African-American Social Leaders and Activists. Jack Rummel.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Francis, Charles E. (1997). The Tuskegee Airmen: The Men who Changed a Nation. Branden.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. O'Dell, Larry. "All-Black Towns". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-08-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

See also