LiAZ (Russia)

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For the defunct Czech truck manufacturing company see:LIAZ (Czech Republic)
LiAZ (Likino Bus Plant)
Native name
Ликинский автобусный завод
Industry Bus manufacturing
Founded 1937
Headquarters Likino-Dulyovo, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Products Buses, trolleybuses (2005–2012)
Number of employees
LiAZ-5256 bus (first generation, pre 2005) in Stary Oskol (Belgorod Oblast)
LiAZ-5256 bus (second generation) in Penza
File:Oradea Liaz bus 2.jpg
LiAZ-5256 bus (second generation) in Oradea (Romania)
Two LiAZ-5292.20 buses in Moscow

LiAZ (Russian: Ликинский автобусный завод (ЛиАЗ) Likinskiy Avtobusnyi Zavod, English: Likino Bus Plant) is a bus manufacturing company located in Likino-Dulyovo, Russia. It is now a wholly owned subsidiary of GAZ. Specializes in designing and manufacturing buses large and extra large class (length 10.5 m and +).


The factory was created in 1937 as a wood processing plant LOZOD (Likino Engineered Wood Test Factory). It produced pressed wood products, as well as wood particle boards. In 1944 the factory was renamed to LiMZ (Likino Machinery Factory) and it started producing small machinery like power saws and portable generators.[1]

In 1959 the factory started to assemble passenger buses ZIL-158. It was renamed to LiAZ the same year. In 1967 the factory designed and manufactured the first bus model of its own named LiAZ-677. The factory produced 194,183 buses of this model in the next 29 years.[1]

In 1986 began production of the new model LiAZ-5256, which is now the most common model of a large bus in Russia (up to December 2013 produced more than 24,650 buses).

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, LiAZ started to experience difficulties. In 1996 bus manufacturing ceased and the factory declared bankruptcy in 1997. The factory has since been restructured and is known as LLC Likinskij Avtobusnyj Zavod. In 2000 it became part of the RusAvtoProm Corporation, and has been part of the GAZ Group since 2005.

The trolleybuses were produced by LiAZ from 2005 until 2012.[1][2]




  • ZIL-158/LiAZ-158 (1959–1970), front-engined bus
  • LiAZ-677 (1967–1996), front-engined bus

Current model range


  • LiAZ-5280 (2005–2012), trolleybus based on LiAZ-5256
  • LiAZ-52802, low-floor trolleybus based on LiAZ-5292
  • LiAZ-52803, low-entry trolleybus based on LiAZ-5293

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Борисов, Геннадий. Без троллейбусов (in русский). Авторевю, No. 10/2012, pp. 110–111. Retrieved 2013-11-16. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Лапшин, Федор. «Рога» для ЛиАЗа (in русский). Авторевю, No. 02/2008. Retrieved 2013-12-15. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links