List of Metropolitans and Patriarchs of Moscow

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The history of the Russian Orthodox Church begins with the Baptism of Rus' at Kiev the date of which is commonly given as 988; however, the evidence surrounding this event is contested (see Christianisation of Kievan Rus'). In 1316 the Metropolitan of Kiev changed his see to the city of Vladimir, and in 1322 moved again to Moscow. In 1589, the see was elevated to a Patriarchate. The Patriarchate was abolished by Peter the Great in 1721 and replaced by the Most Holy Governing Synod, and the Bishop of Moscow came to be called a Metropolitan again. The Patriarchate was restored in 1917 and suspended by the Soviet authorities in 1925. It was reinstituted for the last time in 1943, during World War II by the initiative of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.

Metropolitans of Kiev and all Russia (Permanent residence in Moscow, 1325–1461)

Metropolitans of Moscow and all Russia (1461–1589)

Patriarchs of Moscow and all Russia (1589–1721)

St. Job, the first patriarch of Russia.
  1. Patriarch St. Job (1589–1605)
  2. Patriarch St. Hermogenes (1606–1612)
    • vacant (1612–1619)
  3. Patriarch Philaret (1619–1633)
  4. Patriarch Joasaphus I (1634–1642)
  5. Patriarch Joseph (1642–1652)
  6. Patriarch Nikon (1652–1658)
  7. Patriarch Joasaphus II (1667–1672)
  8. Patriarch Pitirim (of Krutitsy) (1672–1673)
  9. Patriarch Joachim (1674–1690)
  10. Patriarch Adrian (1690–1700)

Metropolitans and archbishops of Moscow (1721–1917)

St. Philaret, pictured in his cell, 1850.

Patriarchs of Moscow and all Russia (Restored, 1917–present)

See also