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|File:Luciano Floridi 12HHDD.jpg|
16 November 1964 |
|Philosophy of Information, information ethics, philosophy of technology, philosophy of logic, epistemology, digital ethics, computer ethics|
|Philosophy of information, information ethics, infosphere, levels of abstraction, the fourth revolution|
Luciano Floridi (Italian: [floˈriːdi]; born 16 November 1964) is an Italian and British philosopher. He holds a double appointment as Professor of Philosophy and Ethics of Information at the University of Oxford, Oxford Internet Institute where is also Governing Body Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, and as Professor of Sociology of Culture and Communication at the University of Bologna, Department of Legal Studies, where he is the Director of the Centre for Digital Ethics. He is Adjunct Professor ("Distinguished Scholar in Residence"), Department of Economics, American University, Washington D.C.
Between 2008 and 2013, he held the Research Chair in philosophy of information and the UNESCO Chair in Information and Computer Ethics at the University of Hertfordshire. He was the founder and director of the IEG, an interdepartmental research group on the philosophy of information at the University of Oxford, and of the GPI the research Group in Philosophy of Information at the University of Hertfordshire. He was the founder and director of the SWIF, the Italian e-journal of philosophy (1995–2008). He is a former Governing Body Fellow of St Cross College, Oxford.
Early life and education
Floridi was born in Rome in 1964, and studied at Rome University La Sapienza (laurea, first class with distinction, 1988), where he was originally educated as a historian of philosophy. He soon became interested in analytic philosophy and wrote his tesi di laurea (roughly equivalent to an M.A. thesis) in philosophy of logic, on Michael Dummett's anti-realism. He obtained his Master of Philosophy (1989) and PhD degree (1990) from the University of Warwick, working in epistemology and philosophy of logic with Susan Haack (who was his PhD supervisor) and Michael Dummett. Floridi's early student years are partly recounted in the non-fiction book The Lost Painting: The Quest for a Caravaggio Masterpiece, where he was "Luciano". During his graduate and postdoctoral years, he covered the standard topics in analytic philosophy in search of a new methodology. He sought to approach contemporary problems from a heuristically powerful and intellectually enriching perspective when dealing with lively philosophical issues. During his graduate studies, he began to distance himself from classical analytic philosophy. In his view, the analytic movement had lost its way. For this reason, he worked on pragmatism (especially Peirce) and foundationalist issues in epistemology and philosophy of logic.
He was a lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Warwick in 1990–1991. He joined the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Oxford in 1990 and the OUCL (Oxford's Department of Computer Science) in 1999. He was Junior Research Fellow in Philosophy at Wolfson College, Oxford University (1990-1994), Frances Yates Fellow in the History of Ideas at the Warburg Institute, University of London (1994–1995) and Research Fellow in Philosophy at Wolfson College, Oxford University (1994-2001). During these years in Oxford, he held lectureships in different Colleges. Between 1994 and 1996, he also held a post-doctoral research scholarship at the Department of Philosophy, University of Turin. Between 2001 and 2006, he was Markle Foundation Senior Research Fellow in Information Policy at the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, Oxford University. Between 2002 and 2008, he was Associate Professor of Logic at the Università degli Studi di Bari. In 2006, he became Fellow by Special Election of St Cross College, Oxford University, where he played for the squash team. In 2008, he was appointed full professor of philosophy at the University of Hertfordshire, to hold the newly established research chair in philosophy of information and, since 2009, the UNESCO Chair in Information and Computer Ethics.
In his first book, Scepticism and the Foundation of Epistemology, Floridi was already looking for a concept of subject-independent knowledge close to what he now identifies as semantic information. During his postdoctoral studies, as a Junior Research Fellow of Wolfson College, Oxford University, he began to embrace a more Neo-Kantian philosophy, which led him to spend one academic year in Marburg, where he focused on Ernst Cassirer's version of Neo-Kantianism. He began working exclusively on what is now known as the philosophy of information during his years as Research Fellow, still at Wolfson College.
According to Floridi, it is necessary to develop a constructionist philosophy, where design, modelling and implementation replace analysis and dissection. Shifting from one set of tasks to the other, philosophy could then stop retreating into the increasingly small corner of its self-sustaining investigations and hence reacquire a wider view about what really matters. Slowly, Floridi has come to characterise his constructionist philosophy as an innovative field, now known as the philosophy of information, the new area of research that has emerged from the computational/informational turn.
For example, in the Preface of Philosophy and Computing, published in 1999, he wrote that the book was meant for philosophy students who need IT literacy to use computers efficiently or indispensable background knowledge for the critical understanding of our digital age. The latter provides a basis for the would-be branch of philosophy, the philosophy of information. PI, or PCI (Philosophy of Computing and Information), became his major research interest.
Floridi's perspective is that there is a need for a broader concept of information, which includes computation, but not only computation. This new framework provides a theoretical framework within which to make sense of various lines of research that have emerged since the fifties. The second advantage is PI's perspective on the development of philosophy through time. In his view, PI gives us a much wider and more profound perspective on what philosophy might have actually been doing throughout the centuries.
Currently, Floridi is working on two areas of research: computer ethics (see the entry information ethics) and the concept of information. Key to this area of work is the claim that ICT (Information and Communications Technology) is radically re-engineering or re-ontologizing the infosphere.
Recognitions and awards
The APA's Newsletter dedicates two issues to his work.
Elected Fellow of the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour (SSAISB).
University of Hertfordshire, Vice Chancellor Award 2010: "Highly commended for research supporting engagement with business, the profession and partner organisations".
AISB/IACAP World Congress (in Honor of Alan Turing, 1912–1954), dedicates its "Author Meets Critics Session" to Luciano Floridi's "The Philosophy of Information".
Philosophy of Technology and Engineering, Springer, published a collection of essays dedicated to "Luciano Floridi's Philosophy of Technology - Critical Reflections".
Winner of the International Society for Ethics and Information Technology - INSEIT's Weizenbaum Award for "significant contribution to the field of information and computer ethics, through his or her research, service, and vision."
Elected member of the Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences
Minds and Machines, Springer, is preparing a special issue dedicated to his work, entitled Philosophy in the Age of Information: A Symposium on Luciano Floridi's The Philosophy of Information (Oxford, 2011)
Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, Taylor & Francis, is preparing a special issue dedicated to his work, entitled Inforgs and the Infosphere: Themes from Luciano Floridi's Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.
- Cátedras de Excelencia Prize by the University Carlos III of Madrid
- Fernand Braudel Senior Fellowship of the European University Institute
- Copernicus Scientist Award by the Institute of Advanced Studies of the University of Ferrara
- J. Ong Award by the Media Ecology Association for the book The Fourth Revolution
- Malpensa Prize, by the city of Guarcino, Italy
- Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences (FAoSS)
- Ryle Lectures 2018
- IBM's Thinker Award 2018
- CRUI's Premio Conoscenza 2018
- Augmented Intelligence — A Guide to IT for Philosophers. (in Italian) Rome: Armando, 1996.
- Scepticism and the Foundation of Epistemology - A Study in the Metalogical Fallacies. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 1996.
- Internet - An Epistemological Essay. (in Italian and in French) Milan: Il Saggiatore, 1997.
- Philosophy and Computing: An Introduction. London/New York: Routledge, 1999.
- Sextus Empiricus, The Recovery and Transmission of Pyrrhonism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
- The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. (editor) Oxford: Blackwell, 2003.
- Philosophy of Computing and Information: 5 Questions. (editor) Automatic Press / VIP, 2008.
- Information. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. A volume for the Very Short Introduction series.
- The Cambridge Handbook of Information and Computer Ethics. (editor) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
- The Philosophy of Information. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
- The Ethics of Information. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.
- "The Fourth Revolution: How the Infosphere is Reshaping Human Reality". Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.
- The Logic of Information Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.
Podcasts and videos
- A full collection is available on the website of the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford
- The Fourth Revolution, a TED presentation, April 4, 2011.
- Relevant Information, the SIRLS/Thomson Scientific ISI Samuel Lazarow Memorial lecture, University of Arizona, USA, February 8, 2007.
- A Look into the Future of ICT North American Computing and Philosophy Conference, August 10–12, 2006, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA.
- Where are we in the philosophy of information?, June 21, 2006, University of Bergen, Norway.
- The Logic of Information, presentation, discussion, Télé-université (Université du Québec), 11 May 2005, Montréal, Canada.
- From Augmented Intelligence to Augmented Responsibility, North American Computing and Philosophy Conference, January 24, 2002, Oregon State University, USA.
- Artificial Evil and the Foundation of Computer Ethics, presentation, discussion, CEPE2000 Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiry, July 14–16, 2000, Dartmouth College, USA.
- Interview for SuchThatCast - Philosophers' Podcast (August 27, 2012).
- "Luciano Floridi on The Fourth Revolution" – podcast of an interview with Nigel Warburton (June 29, 2009).
- Digital physics
- Information theory
- Logic of information
- Philosophy of artificial intelligence
- Philosophy of technology
- Philosophy of information
- "OII: Luciano Floridi". www.oii.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 14 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Exeter College, Oxford: Luciano Floridi". www.exeter.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Luciano Floridi, Full Professor". Retrieved 20 March 2022.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Centre for Digital Ethics". Retrieved 20 March 2022.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
-  Archived July 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "St Cross College: Luciano Floridi". www.stx.ox.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 September 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Biography, in Italian, from Cervelli in Fuga (Roma: Accenti, 2001)
- "INSEIT MEMBER SPOTLIGHT: LUCIANO FLORIDI". 5 July 2008. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- According to The St Cross College Annual Record, "One of the achievements of which is most proud is having his name engraved on the Oxford Squash Plate and Cup trophies, as captain of the Wolfson teams who won cuppers in 1998-2002."
- University of Hertfordshire Website Archived 23 July 2012 at archive.today
- "University Twinning and Networking | | UNESCO". Portal.unesco.org. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Scepticism and the Foundation of Epistemology.
- *Interview for the American Philosophical Association — Philosophy And Computing Newsletter Archived 16 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- St Cross College Website Archived 16 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Charles Ess (editor), Luciano Floridi’s Philosophy of Information and Information Ethics: Critical Reflections and the State of the Art[dead link], Ethics and Information Technology, Volume 10, Numbers 2-3, 2008.
- Oxford Philosophy Faculty Archived 17 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- Barwise Prize Website.
- APA's Newsletter Website[permanent dead link].
- Fellows of the SSAISB Archived 2007-02-08 at the Wayback Machine.
- UNESCO official webpage.
- Philosophy & Technology.
- Patrick Allo (editor), Luciano Floridi and the Philosophy of Information, Metaphilosophy, Volume 41, Number 3, 2010.
- CIPR Fellowship Announcement[permanent dead link].
- Hilmi Demir (editor), Luciano Floridi`s Philosophy of Technology: Critical Reflections, Knowledge, Technology and Policy, forthcoming.
- "Professor Luciano Floridi Awarded Laurea Honoris Causa By The University Of Suceava Romania - University of Hertfordshire". www.herts.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Covey Award Announcement.
-  Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 August 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
|Library resources about
- Home page and articles online
- "We dislike the truth and love to be fooled" - Interview of Luciano Floridi on Cyceon, 21 November 2016
- Interview for RAI International, Taccuino Italiano, 5 March 2008 (in Italian)[permanent dead link]
- Interview for the American Philosophical Association — Philosophy And Computing Newsletter
- Biography, in English