Early musical and writing career
In 1979, whilst attending a convent school in Southampton, she formed a punk band aptly named "the Catholic Girls". She left the band in 1980 to attend University in Leeds, and The Catholic Girls continued for a while under the name Almost Cruelty before splitting up.
At university she played with a number of bands before giving up performing to write instead. She became music editor of the University of Leeds magazine, Leeds Student, and after graduating in 1983, she submitted gig articles to the music paper the New Musical Express (NME), which then published Charles Shaar Murray and Nick Kent. She has since written about the "intimidating" office culture at NME in the eighties, and the extent to which female music journalists were ostracised and not taken seriously by the paper. Her best-known contribution to the paper may be the notorious "Youth Suicide" cover article.
Forming an alliance with fellow soul and socialism heads Stuart Cosgrove and Paolo Hewitt, O'Brien became part of a leftist faction at NME which was eventually discharged by incoming editor Alan Lewis – an IPC troubleshooter instructed to de-politicise the magazine and boost sales.
During her early years at NME, O'Brien also wrote for the feminist magazine, Spare Rib, whose offices she had first visited in 1980. In 1984 she co-wrote a cover story for them about women in the music industry. She was shocked to discover just how few women had record deals or were in the charts compared to men and this discovery would inspire her later work, particularly She Bop.
After leaving NME, O'Brien worked as Music Editor at the London listings magazine City Limits. It was here that she interviewed Dusty Springfield, an interview which led to her being contacted by the publishers Sidgwick & Jackson, and to her being offered the chance to write Springfield's biography.
Freelance writing, and books
By 1990, O'Brien had gone freelance, going on to write for The Guardian and The Independent, and music magazines Q Magazine and MOJO, amongst others. Her reputation as a writer and commentator was seriously established by the publication of her first book Dusty – a best-selling biography of British soul legend Dusty Springfield (Sidgwick & Jackson, 1989). The book was instrumental in the rediscovery and reappraisal of Springfield's work, and was the foundation for O'Brien's reputation as an authority on female artists and soul music.
Her next music biography, Annie Lennox (St Martin's Press, 1993), was also published in the United States. O'Brien charted Annie Lennox's career from the early troubled days of The Tourists through to the global success of Eurythmics to Lennox's decision to take a pop sabbatical at the height of her career to work on behalf of the homeless.
In 1995, O'Brien took a broader look at female musicians in She Bop: The Definitive History Of Women In Rock, Pop & Soul (Pan, 1995). Using a personal, polemical, and thematic approach, the book begins with the Blues and Jazz Age, and ends with chapters on protest pop and the business side of the music business, taking in chapters on fifties girl pop, sixties girl groups, rock chicks, punk and its feminine descendents, including riot grrrl, singer/songwriters, Madonna, MTV and the power of image, artistry, androgyny and the lesbian question, Disco and the dance scene, rap and reggae, and world music along the way.
The second edition of Dusty appeared in 1999 and covered events up to Springfield's death, while the updated She Bop II was published in 2002 by Continuum Press, including more recent artists and a chapter on girl power.
Television and Radio
O'Brien's books, notably She Bop, have led to frequent television appearances as an authority on rock music. These include appearances on Channel 4's Top Ten... franchise, and work for BBC2's The Ozone in the late nineties (including a feature exploring the concept of girl power, and an interview with Yoko Ono.) amongst others. O'Brien also co-produced the Channel 4 documentary Righteous Babes, on rock and new feminism, and in 2002 adapted She Bop II as a two part documentary for BBC Radio 2.
Point of confusion
Possibly because of her involvement with the 1970s British punk scene, O'Brien has occasionally been mistaken for Lucy Toothpaste, (aka: Lucy Whitman) who wrote the feminist punk fanzine Jolt, and who, like O'Brien, later wrote for the feminist magazine Spare Rib. However, if you look on her Myspace page she says she is Lucy Toothpaste. This is particularly curious given that she has gone on record to clarify that she isn't Lucy Toothpaste.
- Dusty, London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1989
- Annie Lennox, London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1991
- She Bop: The definitive history of women in rock, pop, and soul, London: Penguin, 1995
- Dusty, London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1999 (paperpack, new edition, updated)
- She Bop II: The definitive history of women in rock, pop, and soul, London/New York: Continuum, 2002
- Madonna: Like an Icon, London: Harper Collins, 2007 (paperback edition 2008)
A kiss in the dreamhouse in Aizelwood, John (ed), Love Is The Drug, London: Penguin, 1994
Sisters of swing in Cooper, Sarah (ed), Girls! Girls! Girls!, London: Cassell, 1995
The Year Skunk Broke in Evans, Liz (ed), Girls Will Be Boys: Women Report On Rock, London: Pandora, 1997
The Woman Punk Made Me in Sabin, Roger (ed), Punk Rock; So What?, London/New York: Routledge, 1999
- O'Brien was also an interviewee in Helen Reddington's (aka: Helen McCookerybook)book The Lost Women of Music: Female Musicians Of The Punk Era, which was published by Ashgate Publishing in 2007.
- Author Biography, O'Brien, Lucy – She Bop: The definitive history of women in rock, pop, and soul, London: Penguin, 1995
- O'Brien, Lucy, A kiss in the dreamhouse, in Aizelwood, John, Love Is The Drug, London: Penguin, 1994, pp86-91
- O'Brien, Lucy – Prologue in She Bop: The definitive history of women in rock, pop, and soul, London: Penguin, 1995, pxii
- O'Brien, Lucy, Prologue in She Bop: The definitive history of women in rock, pop, and soul, London: Penguin, 1995, pxiii
- Shackleton, Paula (2005) Author Interview Podcast  BookBuffet.com
- Inky Fingers: The NME Story, BBC2, 4 July 2005
- O',Brien, Lucy, A Kiss in the Dreamhouse, in Aizlewood, John, Love Is The Drug, London: Penguin, 1994, pp86-91
- O'Brien, Lucy, Introduction in She Bop: The definitive history of women in rock, pop, and soul, London: Penguin, 1995, p2
- O'Brien, A Kiss in the Dreamhouse, in Aizlewood, John, Love Is The Drug, London: Penguin, 1994, p96
- http://books.guardian.co.uk/print/0,3858,4752066-110738,00.html Retrieved 4 December 2003
- http://www.myspace.com/lucyobrienbooks The biography on this page, if checked against Wikipedia, is the version of this page that was finally corrected on 12 June 2007 by Lucy Whitman, nee Toothpaste. It was most likely copied and pasted in from Wiki and never corrected on Myspace
- O'Brien, Lucy – She Bop: The definitive history of women in rock, pop, and soul, London: Penguin, 1995. The following sections were useful: Author Biography (inside cover), Prologue (ppix-xiii), Introduction (p1-7)
- O'Brien, Lucy A kiss in the dreamhouse, in Aizelwood, John, Love Is The Drug, London: Penguin, 1994, pp86-99
- Shackleton, Paula, Author interview: Lucy O'Brien, Bookbuffet.com, 12 December 2007. www.bookbuffet.com
- Inky Fingers: The NME Story, BBC2, 4 July 2005.
- O'Brien, Lucy, Rock chicks fight back, The Guardian, 13 September 2003 sourced from online edition (www.guardian.co.uk)
- Blase, Cazz, Interview with Lucy O'Brien, The F-Word, 16 December 2002 www.thefword.org.uk
- Sophy, An interview with Lucy O'Brien, Hardluck.org, interview not dated www.geocities.com/sistayes
- O'Brien, Lucy, The NME's first female editor, The Guardian, 31 July 2009. Sourced from online edition (www.guardian.co.uk)
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- Official website
- Lucy O'Brien interviewed by Sophy of Sista Yes! fanzine for her site hardluck.org. Interview not dated.
- Lucy O'Brien interviewed by author Cazz Blase in 2002
- Lucy O'Brien reflects on She Bop and She Bop II in The Guardian, 2003
- Lucy O'Brien talks to Paula Shackleton at BookBuffet.com about Madonna: Like An Icon, 2007
- O'Brien's page at Transworld publishers UK
- O'Brien's page at Harper Collins publishers USA